31 October 2021

Campaigning Hiroshima survivor Sunao Tsuboi dies.

A leading Japanese campaigner against nuclear weapons who survived the world's first atomic bomb attack has died at the age of 96.

Sunao Tsuboi was on his way to college when he was caught in the blast at Hiroshima on 6 August 1945, suffering burns all over his body.

Some 140,000 people were killed and Tsuboi dedicated his life to campaigning to eradicate nuclear arms.

He met Barack Obama on his historic visit to Hiroshima as US president.

They shook hands and chatted for about a minute during the meeting in 2016.

This was the first visit by a US president to the city since the attack, which was launched towards the end of World War Two as the Allies pushed back Japan.

Source: www.bbc.com

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World Cities Day - 31st October.

The United Nations General Assembly has designated the 31st of October as World Cities Day. The Day is celebrated to promote the international community’s interest in global urbanization, push forward cooperation among countries in meeting opportunities and addressing challenges of urbanization, and contribute to sustainable urban development around the world.

Urban October was launched by UN-Habitat in 2014 to emphasize the world’s urban challenges and engage the international community towards the New Urban Agenda. World Cities Day 2021 is the Eighth global celebration since the day was launched on 31 October 2014 in Shanghai, China.

The global theme of World Cities Day 2021 is “Adapting cities for climate resilience”, acknowledging that integrated climate resilience policies and action plans will greatly reduce climate-related risks for urban populations.

Source: www.un.org

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World Savings Day/World Thrift Day - 31 October.

World Savings Day/World Thrift Day is celebrated across the world every year on October 31. However, it is celebrated annually in India on October 30.

World Savings Day was established on October 31, 1924, during the 1st International Savings Bank Congress (World Society of Savings Banks) in Milano, Italy. The Italian Professor Filippo Ravizza declared this day the “International Saving Day” on the last day of the congress.

World Savings Day or World Thrift Day was established to inform people all around the world about the idea of saving their money in a bank rather than keeping it under their mattress.

Source: https://sambadenglish.com

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30 October 2021

World Audio Drama Day - 30 October.

On October 30th, World Audio Drama Day celebrates telling stories through sound. The day also recognizes how audio drama has evolved through the years.

Throughout the late 1920s and early 1930s, the radio became a popular medium for audio drama. One of the most famous audio drama productions was a broadcast called “The War of the Worlds.” During this broadcast, Orson Welles performed a radio adaptation of an H.G. Wells science fiction novel called “The War of the Worlds.” The fictional story tells about an alien invasion in New Jersey. Some listeners tuned in late and missed the introduction. They thought the event was really happening, thereby causing mass hysteria across the nation.

Besides the radio, audiobooks became another form of audio drama. Audiobooks became especially popular with the invention of cassette tapes and portable cassette tape players. During the late 1990s and early 2000s, the digital age came about. This caused audiobooks to become a billion-dollar industry. In recent years, podcasts over the internet have become another popular way of listening to audio drama.

Sibby Wieland, an audio drama enthusiast from Texas, came up with the idea for a World Audio Drama Day in 2012. The first event occurred on October 13, 2013. This date was the 75th anniversary of the “The War of the Worlds” radio broadcast, which take place in 1938.

Source: www.audiodramaday.com

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A rival ‘meme token’ to Dogecoin, just hit a record high and is close to overtaking it.

Shiba inu, a dogecoin spinoff, is close to surpassing Elon Musk’s favorite cryptocurrency.

The digital token has surged 30% in the last 24 hours, according to data from CoinGecko, hitting a record high above $0.00006. It has more than doubled in price in the last week.

With a market capitalization of more than $29 billion, shiba inu is now the 11th-largest cryptocurrency. Dogecoin is the 10th biggest, with a market cap of $31 billion.

Dogecoin was down 11% in the last 24 hours, according to CoinGecko data.

What is shiba inu?

Shiba inu is a so-called meme token that bills itself as a “dogecoin killer.” It takes its branding from the same internet meme dogecoin is based on, using the image of a Japanese shiba inu dog.

Source: www.cnbc.com

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29 October 2021

Mark Zuckerberg changes Facebook’s name to Meta.

Facebook is now called Meta, in a rebrand that focuses on building the “metaverse,” a shared virtual environment that it bets will be the successor to the mobile internet. The name change, the plan for which was first reported by the Verge, is a significant rebrand for Facebook, but not it’s first. In 2019 it launched a new logo to create a distinction between the company and its social app.

The metaverse is a term coined in the dystopian novel “Snow Crash” three decades ago and now attracting buzz in Silicon Valley. Zuckerberg said the new name, coming from the Greek word for “beyond,” symbolized there was always more to build. It refers broadly to the idea of a shared virtual realm that can be accessed by people using different devices.

The name change comes as the world’s largest social media company battles criticisms from lawmakers and regulators over its market power, algorithmic decisions and the policing of abuses on its services.

Source: www.channelnewsasia.com

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World Psoriasis Day - 29 October.

World Psoriasis Day on October 29th every year recognizes those who suffer from psoriasis and/or psoriatic arthritis. The day aims to increase awareness and improve access to treatment.

Throughout the world, 125 million people have psoriasis. In the United States, more than 8 million Americans have the disease. Up to 30 percent of people who have psoriasis get psoriatic arthritis.

Psoriasis is a systemic inflammatory disease. This skin condition speeds up the life cycle of skin cells. As a result, the body has extra skin cells. These extra cells form itchy red patches on the skin. Besides being itchy, the red patches are often painful. Other symptoms include cracked skin that sometimes bleeds and small scaling spots. In some cases, psoriasis causes the joints to become inflamed and stiff. When psoriasis affects the joints it is called psoriatic arthritis.

The exact cause of psoriasis isn’t fully understood. Some research suggests that an overactive immune system plays a role. Psoriasis usually starts or gets worse when certain triggers occur. These triggers include infections, injury to the skin, stress, Vitamin D deficiency, and heavy alcohol consumption. Psoriasis can also be triggered by certain medications. Those who have psoriasis are at a higher risk of getting other diseases. These diseases include Type 2 diabetes, metabolic syndrome, Parkinson’s disease, and kidney disease. Psoriasis usually affects a person’s quality of life, which often leads to depression and other emotional disturbances.

Word Psoriasis Day was established in 2004. The health awareness day was created by patients for patients. In 2014, the Member States of the World Health Organization adopted a resolution that officially recognized October 29th as World Psoriasis Day. To further increase awareness for the disease, the International Federation of Psoriasis Associations (IFPA) holds a World Psoriasis & Psoriatic Arthritis Conference every third year. Over 1,000 delegates from around the world participate in the conference.

The theme for 2021 World Psoriasis Day is "Uniting for Action".

Source: www.healio.com

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Microsoft Overtakes Apple as World's Most Valuable Company.

Microsoft has overtaken Apple as the world's most valuable company, making the Cupertino tech giant the second most valuable in the world, followed by Saudi oil giant Aramco.

Microsoft now sits at a market value of $2.46 trillion, while Apple stands at $2.43 trillion. Apple's drop in market value follows what Wall Street analysts and experts call disappointing quarterly earnings results yesterday, despite solid growth in product categories.

A report earlier in May highlighted some of the ways that Microsoft and Apple will become increasingly more competitive against each other. As both companies continue to invest heavily in augmented reality and artificial intelligence, the rivalry is expected to grow in the years to come.

Source: www.macrumors.com

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World Vegan Day - 01 November. https://nationaldaycalendar.com

World Vegan Day kicks off World Vegan Month on November 1st with education and awareness about vegan diets.  Vegans abstain from eating animal products of any kind. This includes meat, eggs, dairy products, and honey.

There are many reasons people choose to become vegans. Some vegans believe that all animals have a right to live and are not meant for human consumption. These types of vegans fight for the rights of animals. They speak out against certain farming practices, such as keeping poultry in cages. Other vegans choose a plant-based lifestyle because they believe it’s healthier than eating meat and animal products. There is some research to back up this claim. Plant-based diets might reduce the risk of heart disease, Type 2 diabetes, and some types of cancers.

The Vegan Society began in 1944 when a group of vegetarians decided to distinguish the difference between the two types of diets. In 1994, the Vegan Society celebrated the first World Vegan Day on November 1st.

Source: https://nationaldaycalendar.com

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World Stroke Day - 29 October.

World Stroke Day, on October 29th, seeks to emphasize the serious nature and high rates of stroke. The day is also observed to raise awareness of the prevention and treatment of strokes.

According to previous statistics, one in six people were expected to have a stroke during their lifetime. Fifteen million people around the world have strokes each year. It’s also the leading cause of disability. A stroke may cause paralysis, sensory disturbances, aphasia, and emotional disturbances.

Over 6 million people die as a result of a stroke. Throughout the world, stroke is the second leading cause of death. Additionally, current statistics suggest that the number of people expected to have a stroke has increased. Now, one in four people is likely to have a stroke.

In the 1990s, the European Stroke Initiative had the idea to create a global awareness day for the strokes. Due to financial restrictions, the awareness day was limited to Europe only. The country celebrates its awareness day on May 10th. In 2004, a World Stroke Day was established at the World Stroke Congress in Vancouver.

In 2006, Canadian clinical neuroscientist, Dr. Vladimir Hachinkski helped to incorporate a World Stroke Proclamation. During that time, the International Stroke Society merged with the World Stroke Federation. The result of this merger was the World Stroke Organization (WSO). Under the management of the WSO, the first official World Stroke Day was held on October 29th, 2006.

The theme for 2021 is "Minutes can save lives".

Source: www.world-stroke.org

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International Internet Day - 29 October.

International Internet Day on October 29th celebrates what many consider the most important invention in human history.

It’s hard to fathom a world without the Internet. The Internet provides instant access to information. Search engines make this information easy to attain. Besides gaining knowledge, internet users have an endless supply of entertainment. The internet makes it possible to do banking and shopping from the comfort of your own home. The internet is also a great way to make donations and raise funds. Thanks to the internet, many people are able to work remotely from anywhere in the world. Many use the internet to find a love connection, and many have had success. What in the world would we do without the internet?

The internet is defined as a remote connection between two computers. The first internet connection was made on October 29th, 1969. At that time the Internet was known as ARPANET (Advanced Research Projects Agency Network).Charley Kline, a student programmer at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), transmitted the first-ever electronic message ‘LO’ on October 29, 1969. This was just two months after Neil Armstrong landed on the moon. To commemorate the event, International Internet Day was celebrated for the first time on October 29th, 2005. International Internet Day is promoted by the Association of Internet Users.

Charley Kline, a student programmer at the University of California, Los Angeles (UCLA), transmitted the first-ever electronic message ‘LO’ on October 29, 1969.

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28 October 2021

International Animation Day - 28 October.

On October 28th, International Animation Day recognizes the artists, scientists, and technicians behind animated art. It’s also a day to celebrate all aspects of animation.

When artists manipulate drawings to appear as moving pictures, they are creating animation. This art form has been used for more than 100 years to create cartoons and other types of entertainment. Through the years, artists and technicians have developed different kinds of animation.

The International Animated Film Association established International Animation Day in 2002. They chose October 28th to commemorate Theatre Optique, the first public performance of animation. Charles-Emile Reynaud invented the moving picture system used in the animated performance. Theatre Optique took place at the Grevin Museum in Paris in 1892.

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France launches first Syracuse IV telecommunications satellite.

An Ariane 5 rocket launched from the Guiana Space Centre placed France's new Syracuse 4A military telecommunications satellite in low orbit on 22 October.

The first of three Syracuse IV satellites designed by Airbus and Thales will become operational in nine months, seven months after it reaches geostationary orbit propelled by its Safran electric motor (the consumption of which is six times lower than a conventional motor) and two months of testing. Test centres of the Direction Générale de l'Armement , the French defence procurement agency, carried out stress tests to prepare for the vibration of the launch.

Syracuse IV produces a throughput three times higher (1.5 Gbit/sec) than Syracuse III by operating in two bands: X and Ka. Three satellites are to be placed in orbit: the second in 2022 and the third on an unknown date.

Over 400 new-generation ground stations are also to be delivered. Among the new systems connected will be the Phénix Multi Role Tanker Transport, Scorpion armoured vehicles, and the new Suffren nuclear attack submarine.

The total cost of the Syracuse IV programme is EUR3.6 billion (nearly USD4.2 billion).

Source: www.janes.com

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Astronomers spot first possible exoplanet outside our galaxy.

A possible Saturn-sized planet identified in the distant Whirlpool Galaxy could be the first exoplanet to be detected outside the Milky Way.

The exoplanet candidate appears to be orbiting an X-ray binary – made up of a normal star and a collapsed star or black hole – with its distance from this binary roughly equivalent to the distance of Uranus from the sun.

The discovery opens up a new window to search for exoplanets – planets orbiting stars beyond our Sun – at greater distances than ever before. Although nearly 5,000 exoplanets have been detected so far, all of them are in the Milky Way galaxy – with few further than about 3,000 light years from Earth.

An exoplanet in the spiral Messier 51 (M51) galaxy – also called the Whirlpool Galaxy because of its distinctive shape – would be about 28m light years away.

Source: www.theguardian.com

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China successfully launches satellite from solid-fuel carrier rocket.

China on Wednesday (27th) successfully launched an optical remote sensing satellite from a low-cost small, solid-fuel carrier rocket named Kuaizhou-1A (KZ-1A).

It was launched from the Jiuquan Satellite Launch Center in the northwestern Gansu Province, state-run Xinhua news agency reported.

The Jilin-1 Gaofen 02F satellite was launched by a Kuaizhou-1A (KZ-1A) carrier rocket at 2:19 p.m. (Beijing Time) and entered the planned orbit.

Jilin-1 Gaofen 02F is an optical remote sensing satellite that can provide high-resolution images and high-speed data transmission.

Kuaizhou-1A, which is Chinese for 'fast ship', is a low-cost small solid-fuel carrier rocket that has a short preparation period.

Developed by the China Aerospace Science and Industry Corporation, the rocket is designed to launch low-orbit satellites weighing under 300 kg, the report said.

Since their first commercial mission in 2017, KZ-1A rockets have sent 21 satellites into space.

Source: https://economictimes.indiatimes.com

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Zimbabwean author and filmmaker Tsitsi Dangarembga was honored with the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.

Zimbabwean author and filmmaker Tsitsi Dangarembga was honored with the Peace Prize of the German Book Trade.

Dangarembga is "a widely audible voice of Africa in contemporary literature," the jury said in its statement.

The 62-year-old was honored for her artistic work, but also for her political commitment. She has been fighting for freedom and against corruption for years and has to answer for this in court.

In her acceptance speech, she called for overcoming old hierarchical thought patterns, also with the help of language.

"The solution is to undo the racialize and other hierarchical modes of thinking based on demographics such as gender, sex, religion, nationality and class. And any other that were and continue to be the building blocks of empire throughout history and throughout the world,” she said.

In her trilogy of novels, Tsitsi Dangarembga uses the example of an adolescent woman to describe the struggle for the right to a decent life and female self-determination in Zimbabwe. Her debut novel, "Nervous Conditions," published in 1988, was included by the BBC in 2018 in its list of the 100 most important books that have shaped the world.

The 1993 film "Neria," for which she wrote the story, is one of the most popular films in Zimbabwe.

Her new novel "This Mournable Body" was nominated for the shortlist of the Booker Prize in 2020. In addition to her work as an author and filmmaker, Tsitsi Dangarembga has been active for many years in promoting freedom and women's rights and political change in Zimbabwe.

The Peace Prize of the German Book Trade, which has been awarded since 1950, is one of Germany's most important awards, worth 25,000 euros. With it, the German Publishers and Booksellers Association honors a personality who has contributed to the realization of the idea of peace.

Source: www.africanews.com

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U.S. issues first passport with 'X' gender marker.

The U.S. State Department said on Wednesday it had issued the first American passport with an "X" gender marker, designed to give nonbinary, intersex and gender-nonconforming people a marker other than male or female on their travel document, according to a statement.

Secretary of State Antony Blinken announced in June that the X marker would be offered as an option on passports, following other countries including Canada, Germany, Australia and India, which already offer a third gender on documents.

State Department spokesperson Ned Price said in a statement that the United States was moving toward adding the "X" gender marker as an option for those applying for U.S. passports or Consular Reports of Birth Abroad.

Price did not identify the holder of the first "X" gender passport, but civil rights organization Lambda Legal said its client Dana Zzyym was the recipient.

Source: www.reuters.com

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India successfully test-fires Agni-5 missile.

India on Wednesday (27th) announced that it carried out the latest test of the 5,000 km range Agni-5 missile from the APJ Abdul Kalam Island off the Odisha coast, a significant step towards boosting the nuclear deterrence against China.

The successful test of the Agni-5 missile is in line with India’s stated policy to have credible minimum deterrence that underpins the commitment to no first use, the defence ministry said in a statement.

The missile, which is being inducted into the Strategic Forces Command (SFC), will put India’s credible minimum deterrence on a firm footing as no missile in the Indian arsenal has the range to strike targets deep inside China.

Source: www.hindustantimes.com

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Fran Wilson: England World Cup winner retires from international cricket.

England World Cup winner Fran Wilson has retired from international cricket.

Wilson, 29, played 64 times for England across three formats and was part of the team who won the 2017 50-over World Cup at Lord's.

The batter will continue to play domestic cricket in the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Trophy, Charlotte Edwards Cup and The Hundred.

England World Cup winner Fran Wilson has retired from international cricket.

Wilson, 29, played 64 times for England across three formats and was part of the team who won the 2017 50-over World Cup at Lord's.

The batter will continue to play domestic cricket in the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Trophy, Charlotte Edwards Cup and The Hundred.

Wilson made her international debut aged 19 in a one-day international against Sri Lanka in Colombo in November 2010, making her Twenty20 debut shortly after against the same opposition.

She did not make an international appearance between the end of January 2011 and July 2016 before becoming a more regular player.

She played in eight of England's nine matches during the 2017 World Cup, including the nine-run victory over India in the final.

After being an unused member in the 2014 and 2018 tournaments, she made four appearances in the 2020 T20 World Cup, where England reached the semi-finals.

Wilson made her sole Test appearance in a draw in Sydney against Australia during the 2017 Ashes.

A gifted fielder, she averaged 22.28 in 33 ODIs, with a high score of 85 not out off just 49 balls, while she averaged 22.25 in 30 T20s, with a top score of 43 not out.

Wilson represents Sunrisers in the Rachael Heyhoe Flint Trophy and Charlotte Edwards Cup, and played for Oval Invincibles in the inaugural Hundred this year.

Source: www.bbc.com

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27 October 2021

World Occupational Therapy Day - 27 October.

Every year on October 27th, World Occupational Therapy Day promotes the mission and goals of occupational therapy. The day also increases awareness of occupational therapists and their global impact.

Occupational therapists provide treatment to injured or disabled patients. They also work with children who have special needs or need help in acquiring certain skills. Occupational therapists make recommendations on types of equipment and home modifications necessary for seniors or those with disabilities.

One of the primary goals of occupational therapy is to help patients improve their fine motor skills. Improving these skills helps them to either attain or regain skills necessary for everyday life. Some of these skills might include dressing, brushing their teeth, writing notes, and working on the computer. Occupational therapists also help patients to react appropriately to sensory input. This skill is known as self-regulation. One more goal of an occupational therapist is to improve safety in their patient’s home or primary living space.

There are an estimated 500,000 occupational therapists in the world. Many countries recognize occupational therapy as a profession. Some of these countries include the United States, Canada, Australia, Thailand, South Africa, Italy, Ireland, and Costa Rica. These occupational therapists work in a variety of settings. These settings include hospitals, schools, nursing homes, and home health services.

The World Federation of Occupational Therapists (WFOT) launched World Occupational Therapy Day in 2010. Many countries celebrate occupational therapy week or month in October, which is why the WFOT chose October 27th. The WFOT consists of over 100 national occupational therapy professional organizations across the globe. They believe occupational therapy has a positive influence on the health, welfare, education, and vocation on an international scale.

The theme for 2021 year is “Belong. Be You”.

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World Day for Audiovisual Heritage - 27 October.

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage on October 27th seeks to raise awareness about the need to preserve important audiovisual material for future generations.

In today’s world of technology, we create and find most types of information in digital form. This technology includes music, videos, and audio. Things like cassette tapes, film reels, and VHS tapes are all becoming obsolete. While we still have CDs and DVDs, even these types of media aren’t as popular as they once were.

In recognizing this trend, the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO) knew something had to be done to protect audiovisual material. UNESCO realizes audiovisual documents contain the history of the 20th and 21st centuries. Unfortunately, these documents can easily be destroyed or damaged. For these reasons, it’s all the more important to preserve our audiovisual heritage.

World Day for Audiovisual Heritage also celebrates those who do dedicate their energy to archiving and protecting our heritage. Many caretakers, including librarians and archivists, work hard to preserve our audiovisual heritage. They care greatly for these valuable collections. It takes knowledge and devotion to preserve, digitize, and provide access to audiovisual files.

On October 27, 1980, UNESCO adopted the Recommendation for the Safeguarding and Preservation of Moving Images. During UNESCO’s conference in 2005, the General Conference passed a resolution to proclaim October 27th as World Day for Audiovisual Heritage History. The date commemorates the resolution passed 15 years earlier.

The theme for the year 2021 is "Your Window to the World".

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Fabio Quartararo wins the 2021 MotoGP World Championship.

Monster Energy Yamaha MotoGP’s Fabio Quartararo became the ‘’2021 MotoGP World Champion’’.

Francesco Bagnaia (Ducati Lenovo Team) secured second and Joan Mir (Team Suzuki Ecstar), finished third. 

Fabio Quartararo is the sixth-youngest rider to clinch a premier class world title, aged 22 years, 187 days on race day of the Emilia Romagna GP.

Quartararo became the first French rider to clinch a premier class world title and the seventh overall in GP racing along with Johann Zarco (2 titles), Mike Di Meglio (1), Arnaud Vincent (1), Olivier Jacque (1), Christian Sarron (1) and Jean-Louis Tournadre (1).

Source: www.autosport.com

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26 October 2021

Israel declares climate change 'national security' issue.

Israel's Prime Minister Naftali Bennett on Sunday (24th) declared the fight against climate change a "national security" priority and pledged to "facilitate" investments in green energy.

Days before the COP26 global climate summit in the British city of Glasgow -- which Bennett is due to attend -- the Israeli government announced the creation of "working groups" on climate change.

The Jewish state is one of the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD) member states that invests the least in public transport.

Source: www.wionews.com


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Ex-South Korean President Roh Tae-woo dies.

Former South Korean President Roh Tae-woo, who took part in a military coup and later won the election that was the country’s first move towards democracy before he was imprisoned for corruption, died on Tuesday. He was 88.

The Seoul National University Hospital said Roh died while being treated for an illness. It gave no further details. He served as the President of South Korea from 1988 to 1993. 

Roh established diplomatic relations with Hungary in 1989, the year the Berlin Wall fell, the Soviet Union in 1990 and China in 1992.

He was a leader of the Democratic Justice Party and is known for passing the June Declaration in 1987. 

He oversaw preparations for the 1988 Summer Olympics in Seoul, which he officially declared open.

Source: www.aljazeera.com

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Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2021

Global Media and Information Literacy Week 2021 is hosted by South Africa from 24 - 31 October 2021. This year marks 10 years since the seeds of Global Media and Information Literacy Week were planted in 2011 in Fez, Morocco. 

Global Media and Information Literacy Week, commemorated annually, is a major occasion for stakeholders to review and celebrate the progress achieved towards “Media and Information Literacy for All”.

UNESCO and members of the UNESCO Media and Information Literacy Alliance are calling partners all over the world to promote Global Media and Information Literacy Week by organizing and registering events/activities online or offline. Together with its Feature Events (International Media and Information Literacy and Intercultural Dialogue Conference and Youth Agenda Forum), Global Media and Information Literacy Week links up local events around the world to promote Media and Information Literacy connections across disciplines, professions and borders.

Source: https://en.unesco.org

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Jeff Bezos’ Blue Origin wants to build a Commercial Space Station with Boeing.

Blue Origin, the commercial space venture created by Amazon (ticker: AMZN) founder Jeff Bezos, wants to build a commercial space station with partners including Boeing by the second half of this decade.

A venture with aerospace technology company Sierra Space and backed by partners including Boeing (BOE) and Arizona State University, “Orbital Reef” is designed to be a commercially-developed and -operated space station in low Earth orbit.

Described as a “mixed use business park in space,” the station plans to offer commercial, research, and tourism customers a range of services including space transportation, logistics, habitation, equipment, and crew.

Source: www.barrons.com

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Sudan’s military takes power and arrests the prime minister.

Sudan’s military seized power Monday (25th), dissolving the transitional government hours after troops arrested the prime minister, and thousands flooded the streets to protest the coup that threatened the country’s shaky progress toward democracy.

The head of the military, Gen. Abdel-Fattah Burhan, announced on national TV that he was dissolving the government and the Sovereign Council, a joint military and civilian body created soon after al-Bashir’s ouster to run the country.

The general declared a state of emergency and said the military will appoint a technocratic government to lead the country to elections, set for July 2023. But he made clear the military will remain in charge.

The U.N. Security Council scheduled an emergency closed meeting on the Sudan coup late Tuesday (26th) afternoon. The United States, United Kingdom, France, Ireland, Norway and Estonia requested the emergency consultations.

Source: https://apnews.com

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Viktor Axelsen and Akane Yamaguchi won Denmark Open 2021.

Danish Olympic champion Viktor Axelsen won the Mens’ single 2021 Denmark Open Badminton held at the Odense Sports Park, Denmark.He defeated world number one Kento Momota of Japan. 

Akane Yamaguchi of Japan won her second title in the women’s category defeating An Se-young (South Korea).

List of all winners of Denmark Open 2021:

      Category                                  Winner

  • Mens’ single                         Viktor Axelsen (Denmark)
  • Womens’ single                 Akane Yamaguchi (Japan)
  • Men’s double                         Takuro Hoki, and Yugo Kobayashi (Japan)
  • Women’s double                 Huang Dongping and Zheng Yu (China)
  • Mixed double                         Yuta Watanabe and Arisa Higashino (Japan).

Source: olympics.com

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India, UK, Australia, and SIDS to launch IRIS at COP26.

The 26th Conference of Parties (COP26) under the United Nations Climate Change Framework Convention (UNFCCC) is going to be held (from Oct 31 – Nov 12) in Glasgow, United Kingdom (UK). 

At COP 26, India along with the UK, Australia, and SIDS ( small island developing states) are launching IRIS ( Infrastructure for resilient island states).

COP26 will be a critical summit for global climate action. A chance for members to work to limit global warming to 1.5 degrees, by reducing global emissions (by half) by 2030 and reaching ‘net-zero’ by 2050.

Source: thepolicytimes.com

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Max Verstappen wins United States Grand Prix 2021.

Max Verstappen (Red Bull – Netherlands) has won the 2021 United States Grand Prix held at the Circuit of the Americas in Austin, Texas, United States. 

This is the 8th win for Verstappen in this season. The race was the 17th round of the 2021 Formula One World Championship. 

Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Great Britain) stood second while Sergio Perez (Mexico- Red Bull) came third.

List of 2021 F1 Race.

  • Bahrain F1 Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Great Britain)
  • Emilia Romagna F1 Grand Prix: Max Verstappen (Red Bull – Netherlands)
  • Portuguese Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton
  • Spanish Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton
  • Monaco Grand Prix: Max Verstappen
  • Azerbaijan Grand Prix: Sergio Perez (Red Bull- Mexico)
  • French Grand Prix: Max Verstappen
  • Styrian Grand Prix: Max Verstappen
  • Austrian GP: Max Verstappen
  • British Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton
  • Hungarian Grand Prix: Esteban Ocon (Alpine Renault- France)
  • Belgian Grand Prix 2021: Max Verstappen
  • Dutch Grand Prix: Max Verstappen
  • Italian Grand Prix: Daniel Ricciardo
  • Russian Grand Prix: Lewis Hamilton
  • Turkish Grand Prix: Valtteri Bottas (Mercedes-Finland)

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Shavkat Mirziyoyev re-elected as President of Uzbekistan.

Shavkat Mirziyoyev, the incumbent President of Uzbekistan has won a 2nd five-year term as the President of Uzbekistan. He is a member of the UzLiDeP (Uzbekistan Liberal Democratic Party). Shavkat Mirziyoyev took office in 2016 following the death of Islam Karimov, the first post-independence president of Uzbekistan.

Uzbek President Shavkat Mirziyoyev has been re-elected for a second five-year term, winning 80.1% of the vote in Sunday's poll which Western observers said was not truly competitive despite improvements brought by recent reforms.

Mirziyoyev's widely expected victory will allow him to deepen his reform campaign and likely lead to Uzbekistan opening up further to foreign trade and investment - while retaining a highly centralised political system.

Source: www.reuters.com

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International Olympic Committee eyes 50 percent reduction in greenhouse gas emissions by 2030.

 

The International Olympic Committee (IOC) is eyeing a 50 percent cut to its greenhouse gas emissions by 2030. 

IOC President Thomas Bach announced the goal during the General Assembly of the Association of National Olympic Committees in Greece.

This is an increase from the committee’s previous commitment to reduce emissions by 45 percent in line with the Paris Agreement on Climate Change.

The IOC has set a reduction target of a 30 percent reduction by 2024 when the next Summer Olympic Games will be held in Paris, France. 

“The climate crisis is arguably the biggest challenge humanity is facing,” Bach said. 

Source: thehill.com

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Disarmament Week 2021

Disarmament Week is observed annually to promote awareness and understanding of the issues of disarmament in several countries. The week aims to reduce the use of weapons, specifically nuclear weapons, to bring peace in society. This year, the disarmament week will be starting on October 24. The week-long observance will continue till October 30. Disarmament Week seeks to promote awareness and a better understanding of disarmament issues and their cross-cutting importance.

Securing our common future: An Agenda for Disarmament

In 2018, United Nations Secretary-General António Guterres launched Securing our Common Future: An Agenda for Disarmament, outlining a vision of disarmament actions that help set our world on a path towards sustainable peace and security for all.

The Secretary-General called for fresh perspectives and renewed cooperation, against the backdrop of a deteriorating international security environment, new risks and unfulfilled commitments. His Agenda for Disarmament defines four key pillars with practical measures to be achieved through stronger partnerships and unwavering determination:

  • Disarmament that saves humanity by endeavouring for a world free of nuclear weapons, strengthening norms against other weapons of mass destruction, and preventing the emergence of new domains of strategic competition and conflict.
  • Disarmament that saves lives by mitigating the humanitarian impact of conventional arms and addressing the excessive accumulation and illicit trade.
  • Disarmament for future generations by ensuring responsible innovation and use of advances in science and technology, keeping humans in control of weapons and artificial intelligence, and ensuring peace and stability in cyberspace.
  • Strengthening partnerships for disarmament by reinvigorating disarmament institutions and processes, engaging regional organisations, ensuring the full and equal participation of women, empowering youth as a force for change, and enhancing participation by civil society and engagement by the private sector.

The Secretary-General’s Agenda for Disarmament further recognises the important contribution of disarmament and arms control to achieving the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development. The Agenda for Disarmament addresses six different Sustainable Development Goals through nine actions. Disarmament and arms control remain inextricably connected with development in a multitude of ways, providing a unique opportunity to advance both the implementation of the SDGs and the Agenda for Disarmament.

History of the week:

Starting on 24 October, the anniversary of the founding of the United Nations, the week-long annual observance was first called for in the Final Document of the General Assembly’s 1978 special session on disarmament (resolution S-10/2). In 1995, the General Assembly invited governments, as well as NGOs, to continue taking an active part in Disarmament Week (resolution 50/72 B, 12 December 1995) in order to promote a better understanding among the public of disarmament issues.

Source: www.un.org

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25 October 2021

China passes new law to strengthen land border protection

China has passed a new law to strengthen land border protection amid the ongoing standoff with India along the Line of Actual Control.

The law will now govern how Beijing guards its 22,000-km long land border that it shares with 14 countries, including India, Russia, North Korea, Mongolia and Bhutan. China has land border disputes with India and Bhutan.

This is the first time China has passed a law specifying how it governs its borders, reported Reuters.

Source: www.reuters.com

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Nigeria to launch digital currency "eNaira".

Nigeria will on Monday (25th) launch a digital currency, the eNaira, the central bank said, months after it barred banks and financial institutions from dealing in or facilitating transactions in cryptocurrencies.

Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN) Governor Godwin Emefiele has said the eNaira would operate as a wallet against which customers can hold existing funds in their bank account.

Nigeria has named Barbados-based Bitt Inc as a technical partner in developing the eNaira.

Source: www.reuters.com

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International Dwarfism Awareness Day - 25 October.

October 25th is Dwarfism Awareness Day. In countries all around the world, people with dwarfism still face social and physical barriers that can stand in the way of choices and opportunities. 

On Dwarfism Awareness Day, people with dwarfism come together to promote awareness of dwarfism and challenge barriers to assert independence and their right to self-determination. 

25th October was chosen as the day for Dwarfism Awareness Day because it was the birthday of Billy Barty who was an American actor who had dwarfism, and in 1957 he set up Little People of America. This is an organisation that supports people with dwarfism as well as raising awareness.

There are more than 200 different types of dwarfism. 80% of people with dwarfism have average height parents – their dwarfism can be the result of a spontaneous mutation, although some forms of dwarfism may be passed onto children.  A child is born with dwarfism every 1 in 25,000 births. Despite this, very few doctors know much about dwarfism, so families often have to find a doctor that specialises in the type of dwarfism in their family.

A person with dwarfism will usually be less than 4ft 10in in height. However, dwarfism is not just about height - other medical issues can arise due to dwarfism, such as spinal stenosis, hydrocephalus, arthritis and more.

Achondroplasia is the most common type of dwarfism and the word itself means 'without cartilage formation'. 

It is estimated that 7000 people in the UK have dwarfism. Dwarfism occurs once in every 15,000 to one in 40,000 births. 

Source: www.twinkl.com

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Drama film Koozhangal is India’s official entry for Oscars 2022.

The Tamil-language drama film Koozhangal (internationally translated as Pebbles), has been selected as India’s official entry for the 94th Academy Awards (Oscars 2022). 

The film has been directed by filmmaker Vinothraj PS and produced by Vignesh Shivan and Nayanthara. The 94th Academy Awards are scheduled to take place in Los Angeles, on March 27, 2022.

Source: www.hindustantimes.com.

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International Artist’s Day 25 October.

International Artist’s Day on October 25th honors artists and all the contributions they make. The day also celebrates one of the most famous artists, Pablo Picasso. The Spanish artist was born on October 25th, 1881.

Artists work hard to create their work. They add beauty to the world around us. Most artists work with many different mediums. Not only that, but the word artist encompasses painters, photographers, sculptors, musicians, dancers, writers, actors, digital artists, and more. When one is born with a creative gift, that creativity flows into many different areas. For example, Picasso was a painter, sculptor, ceramicist, poet, and playwright.

Art came about long before written works. Since the beginning of time, art has communicated ideas and kept records of important events. Art offers a connection to the past. Artists record our history, indelibly. They also unearth truths. Through their work, they tell stories and pass on traditions. Artists have a unique way of connecting to the people around them. In a world full of bad news, one of their most important roles is to offer messages of hope.

Canadian artist, Chris MacClure started International Artist’s Day in 2004. Since then, October 25th has been a day dedicated to celebrating all the contributions artists have given to society.

Source: http://internationalartistday.com

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World Opera Day - 25 October.

Every year on October 25th, World Opera Day shines the light on opera’s contribution to one’s wellbeing. The day also celebrates opera performers and encourages us to learn more about this genre of music.

When one thinks of opera, they might automatically think of opera music. However, opera is about so much more. An opera is a form of theater that includes an extended dramatic composition. The musical parts in an opera are sung along to instruments. Most operas include other elements, such as acting, scenery, costumes, and ballet.

Jacopo Peri composed the first opera. He named the opera Dafne and wrote it in 1597 in Florence, Italy. Because of this, Italy is considered the birthplace of opera. Two types of operas were eventually formed. These included the opera seria and the opera buffa. The former is a dramatic and serious opera while opera buffa, on the other hand, is comedic.

Opera became popular throughout Europe during the Baroque era, which extended from 1600 to 1750. The first opera in the United States wasn’t performed until 1796 at the French Opera House in New Orleans. Because of this, New Orleans is known as America’s First City of Opera.

Today, operas are performed all over the world. Some of the most famous operas include:

  • Falstaff by Giuseppe Verdi
  • Eugene Onegin by Tchaikovsky
  • Tristan and Isolde by Richard Wagner
  • Don Giovanni by Wolfgang Amadeus Mozart
  • Tosca by Giacomo Puccini
  • Der Rosenkavalier by Richard Strauss
  • Peter Grimes by Benjamin Britten

These operas and many others are performed in Milan, Sydney, Vienna, Paris, Moscow, Buenos Aires, New York, and London. These cities are home to the most famous opera houses in the world, such as Palais Garnier, San Carlo Theatre, and Metropolitan Opera House.

Three opera organizations launched the first World Opera Day on October 25th, 2019. These organizations included Opera America, Opera Europa, and Opera Latinoamerica.

Source: www.worldoperaday.com

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