Showing posts with label IMPORTANT DAYS. Show all posts
Showing posts with label IMPORTANT DAYS. Show all posts

30 July 2022

World Day Against Trafficking in Persons - 30 June.

Every year on July 30th, the World Day Against Trafficking in Persons spreads the alarm about the horrible crime of human trafficking. The day also provides an opportunity for governments to reaffirm their commitment to stop criminals from exploiting people for profit.

Human trafficking is considered a modern form of slavery. This illegal act involves the use of force, fraud, or coercion to obtain labor or sex. Traffickers use violence, manipulation, or false promises to lure their victims into trafficking situations. Trafficking victims usually experience physical and/or psychological abuse. They might also endure sexual abuse, food and sleep deprivation, threats to family members, and isolation from the outside world. Family members of the victim may also get threatened.

According to the International Labor Organization, there are over 40 million victims of human trafficking around the world. Nearly every country in the world is affected by human trafficking. There are some countries that are worse than others.

Some of the worst countries for human trafficking include:

  • Equatorial Guinea
  • Iran
  • North Korea
  • The Central African Republic
  • Syria
  • Algeria
  • Russia
  • Zimbabwe
  • Libya
  • Venezuela

The United States is not exempt from being affected by human trafficking. Every year in the U.S., up to 17,500 people become victims of human trafficking. Victims in the United States are almost exclusively immigrants. Victims in this country and elsewhere usually consist of women and children. Other factors that contribute to the supply of trafficking victims include poverty, lack of employment opportunities, organized crime, discrimination, and government corruption.

In 2010, the UN General Assembly adopted the Global Plan of Action to Combat Trafficking In Persons. The goal of this Global Plan was to urge governments around the world to take coordinated measures to defeat human trafficking. The Plan helped to create a voluntary Trust Fund for victims of trafficking. In 2013, during a high-level meeting to appraise the Global Plan, the UN adopted a resolution to designate July 30th as the World Day against Trafficking in Persons.



Internationational Day of Friendship - 30 July.

Internationational Day of Friendship on July 30th encourages forging friends near and far. Core to developing strong friendships worldwide is the hope of a growing spirit of human solidarity.

The day encourages making friends and building relationships with people outside of your own culture, country, or background. Through these relationships, a culture of peaceful and mutual understanding develops.

Aristotle classified the kinds of friends we develop into three categories:

  • Utility friendship – co-worker, a business partner in which the purpose of the friendship is a mutual objective.
  • Pleasure friendship – a person whom others enjoy being with because they have a quick wit or an uplifting attitude. A person with whom the purpose of the friendship is to explore a mutual pleasure such as fishing, bowling, or other hobbies.
  • Good friend – mutual respect, and admiration for each other’s qualities, though there may be differences.

Since the day explores friendships across cultures, set aside preconceived notions. Be patient, as language barriers may slow down the conversations, but it won’t stop it.

In 1919, Friendship Day began as a greeting card promotion. By 1940, it had disappeared. The United Nations proposed a worldwide initiative in 1997 to establish an International Friendship Day. In 2011, the United Nations official proclaimed the day to inspire peace efforts and build bridges between peoples, countries, and cultures.



29 July 2022

International Tiger Day - 29 July.

International Tiger Day on July 29th raises awareness about the dwindling numbers of the biggest of the big cats. Global leaders focus on the tiger during meetings designed to promote a system for protecting and enhancing their natural habitat.

A hundred years ago,100,000 tigers roamed Asia. Today, the estimated number brings the tiger population to fewer than 4,000 tigers in the wild. One of the goals of the day is to double that number by 2022. It’s called the Tx2 Initiative.

The Tx2 Initiative collects about $350 million every year to help save tigers. The money is spent on investigators and rangers who patrol for poachers. The fund also pays for protection of tiger habitat, studies of their populations and movements, and even sets up thousands of wildlife trail cameras.

Did you know:

  • Currently, tigers populate 13 countries where they roam naturally: Bangladesh, Bhutan, Cambodia, China, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Russia, Thailand, and Vietnam.
  • Tigers are the largest cat species in the world, and the third-largest carnivore on land; only polar and brown bears are larger. Siberian tigers (the largest subspecies) weigh up to 660 pounds.
  • At top speed, tigers clock nearly 40 mph.
  • The name of a large wild cat with large black strips comes from the ancient Persian word “taig” meaning fast and sharp.
  • Tigers are always on the move. Their turf can be as large as 386 sq miles or 1000 sq km.
  • Like other cats, tigers are carnivores, and they are essential to keep their range in an ecological balance. They prey on smaller animals that are herbivores, and so maintain a balance between the plant-eating animals and the vegetation on which they feed.
  • An adult tiger consumes up to 88 pounds of meat in one meal.
  • The average lifespan of a wild tiger is 10-15 years.
  • Unlike most big cats, tigers are powerful swimmers. Not only do they swim, but they also swim great distances to hunt or cross rivers. Young tigers often play in water and adults lounge in streams or lakes to stay cool during the heat of the day.
  • Tigers are the only cat species that are entirely striped. When shaved, their skin has the identical stripe as their fur.
  • While other cats meow, tigers do not meow. Tiger vocalizations include roaring, growling, hissing, moaning.

International Tiger Day was created in 2010 at the Saint Petersburg Tiger Summit.



28 July 2022

World Hepatitis Day - 28 July.

World Hepatitis Day on July 28 raises global awareness every year concerning hepatitis. The day encourages prevention, diagnosis, and treatment.

Hepatitis infects more than 350 million people worldwide. While it is one name, it’s a group of infectious diseases. Five types of hepatitis infections are possible: A, B, C, D, and E. Hepatitis A is always an acute, short-term disease, while hepatitis B, C, and D are most likely to become ongoing and chronic. Hepatitis E is usually acute but can be particularly dangerous in pregnant women.

Depending on the type of hepatitis, many people don’t develop symptoms in the early stages. As a result, an estimated additional 3 million people in the world are infected but don’t know it. Routine testing lowers these numbers. However, those who need the screenings most may not know how to access them.

Other risk factors associated with hepatitis include cirrhosis and liver cancer. Moreover, the disease contributes to 399,000 deaths worldwide each year.

On July 28, health care organizations in 100 countries will offer free screenings. There may also be other public vaccination drives or public awareness campaigns. At the end of the year, the World Health Organization and the World Hepatitis Alliance organize a report detailing all the events across the world.

2004 – First International Hepatitis C Awareness Day set as October 1.

2008 – First World Hepatitis Day set as May 19

2010 – The idea of World Hepatitis Day originated in Cuttack, Odisha. July 28 was proposed as the day to in honor of Nobel Laureate Baruch Samuel Blumberg, discoverer of the hepatitis B virus, whose birthday on that date.

‘I can’t wait’ is the new campaign theme to launch World Hepatitis Day 2022. It will highlight the need to accelerate the fight against viral hepatitis and the importance of testing and treatment for the real people who need it. The campaign will amplify the voices of people affected by viral hepatitis calling for immediate action and the end of stigma and discrimination.



World Nature Conservation Day - 28 July.

Every year on July 28th, World Nature Conservation Day acknowledges that the foundation for a healthy society is a healthy environment. It’s also a day to increase awareness about the importance of protecting our natural resources.

Our planet’s natural resources consist of air, sunlight, soil, minerals, fuels and water. All of these things are found in nature and used by people. Currently, there are nearly 8 billion people that populate the Earth. This number is expected to exceed 9 billion by 2037. All of these people use the earth’s natural resources every day. Because these resources are getting used up so rapidly, many people are concerned they will become depleted. For this reason, many individuals and organizations stress the importance of conserving our natural resources.

The good news is, there are some simple ways to conserve our natural resources. Take water, for instance. Some scientists say our planet’s water supply will be gone by 2050. One of the easiest ways to conserve water is to use less of it. Taking shorter showers, shutting off the faucet during teeth brushing, and using rainwater for irrigation are all ways to do this.

Here are some other ways to conserve our natural resources:

  • Plant trees to reduce soil erosion
  • Reduce, reuse and recycle
  • Carpool with co-workers
  • Shut off lights when leaving a room
  • Go digital instead of printing things on paper
  • Volunteer for community cleanups
  • Use non-toxic cleaning supplies
  • Make your own compost
  • If everyone does their part, our planet’s natural resources will be available for years to come.

World Nature Conservation Day began in India by those who were concerned about protecting the Earth’s natural resources. The Environmental Information System (ENVIS) Center in New Delhi promotes the day. The Department of Environment, the Ministry of Environment and Forests, and the Government of India sponsor ENVIS. Many countries have joined India in observing this important day for our planet.



24 July 2022

International Self Care Day - 24 July.

Every year on July 24th, International Self Care Day promotes self-care as a vital foundation of health. It’s also a day for people around the world to prioritize self-care and make it a part of their lifestyle.

Staying well includes taking care of your whole self: physically, mentally, and emotionally. For some, self-care also includes taking care of themselves spiritually. So what exactly does self-care look like? It could be as simple as having some quiet time each day. Others might have coffee with a friend at least once a week.

Other examples of self-care include:

  • Having a regular sleep routine
  • Maintaining a healthy weight
  • Keeping a reflective journal
  • Practicing gratitude
  • Getting a massage
  • Listening to relaxing music
  • Reading a good book
  • Learning to say no
  • Asking for help when necessary

There are other areas of self-care that some focus on as well. For example, financial self-care involves paying bills on time and putting money into savings. Monitoring time on social media and decluttering your home are included in environmental self-care.

The International Self-Care Foundation (IFS) established this day in 2011. The IFS is a charity based in the UK with a global focus. They believe that a healthy society starts when each individual first takes care of themselves.



20 July 2022

International Chess Day - 20 June.

International Chess Day on July 20th honors the founding of the Fédération Internationale des Échecs (FIDES)in 1924. The FIDES became the governing body of the game of chess, an ancient game played around the world.

Chess developed in India during the fifth century. As the strategic game spread across continents, the pieces and rules evolved. It also shifted between classes. Once, only the upper class could afford to linger over a long, challenging game. However, the merchant class would later introduce the game to the rest of the population as they traveled around the world trading their wares.

UNESCO first proposed the observance in 1966 for chess lovers of all kinds, and the world has celebrated the day since then.



18 July 2022

Nelson Mandela International Day - 18 July.

Every year on July 18th, Nelson Mandela International Day pays tribute to this anti-apartheid revolutionary, political leader, and activist. The day also encourages people to do their part to make the world a better place.

Nelson Mandela became South Africa’s first black head of state. He served as President of the country from 1994 to 1999. During his leadership, Mandela focused on dismantling apartheid. He did so by tackling institutionalized racism and fostering racial recognition.

Earlier in life, Mandela was a member of the African National Congress (ANC). In 1943, Mandela co-founded the ANC’s youth league. He and the ANC committed themselves to overthrowing apartheid. The National Party’s white-only government established the policy of segregation and discrimination based on race known as apartheid.

Throughout the 1950s, the government arrested Mandela multiple times, and unsuccessfully tried him for treason. In 1962, the court gave him a life sentence for conspiring to overthrow the state. Mandela served 27 years in prison before being released in 1990 by President F.W. de Klerk.

Following his presidency, Mandela remained active in politics and humanitarian efforts. Through his charity, the Nelson Mandela Foundation, he focused primarily on fighting poverty and HIV/AIDS. Many people considered Mandela a controversial figure. Despite this fact, Mandela has received over 250 honors, including the Nobel Peace Prize. His home country honors Nelson Mandela with the name “Father of the Nation.”

In 2009, the UN General Assembly declared July 18th as Nelson Mandela International Day. The date celebrates Nelson Mandela’s birthday. He was born on July 18th, 1918. He died on December 5, 2013, at the age of 95. In 2015, the UN extended the scope of this day to promote humane conditions of imprisonment. They did this by adopting a resolution that called for the formation of the UN Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners, also known as the Nelson Mandela Rules.


World Listening Day - 18 July.

Every year on July 18th, World Listening Day encourages people to take time to listen to the sounds of nature. It’s also a day to learn more about field recording.

Listening plays an important role in understanding one another. Listening is also important when trying to understand the world around us. Learning about the relationship between humans and their environment through sound is called acoustic ecology.

The World Listening Project (WLP) was founded in 2008. The charitable organization is devoted to foster understanding of the world and its natural environment through listening and field recording. In 2010, the WLP created World Listening Day. They chose July 18th to commemorate R. Murray Schafer’s birthday. Schafer is a renowned Canadian composer, author, and environmentalist. He is best known for his studies on acoustic ecology. 



17 July 2022

World Day for International Criminal Justice - 17 July.

Every year on July 17th, the World Day for International Criminal Justice promotes the rights of crime victims and the importance of upholding justice. It’s also a day to discuss the prevention of crimes that threaten peace and security throughout the world.

Society expects that when someone commits a crime, they will be punished by law. A crime is anything that harms people or damages property. Common crimes include burglary, drug abuse violations, driving under the influence, disorderly conduct, fraud, and domestic abuse. Violence against others is another type of crime. Examples of violent crimes include homicide, murder, sexual assault, negligence, kidnapping, and harassment. There are also crimes against humanity. These types of crimes include genocide, enslavement, forced deportation, apartheid, and torture.

Countries that have high poverty levels and higher unemployment tend to have the highest crime rates. Countries with the highest crime rates include El Salvador, Jamaica, Honduras, Belize, South Africa, and Lesotho. Alternatively, countries with favorable living conditions and adequate police enforcement tend to have lower crime rates. Tough sentences also help lower the number of crimes committed. Countries with the lowest crime rates include Iceland, New Zealand, Portugal, Austria, Denmark, and Canada.

Unfortunately, some countries are better than others at punishing criminals for the crimes they commit. The top five countries for the best criminal justice systems include Denmark, Norway, Finland, Sweden, and the Netherlands. Germany and Singapore also rank high on the list. Countries with the worst criminal justice systems include Venezuela, Cambodia, Afghanistan, Egypt, and Cameroon.

On June 1, 2010, at the Review Conference of the Rome Statute, the Assembly of State Parties agreed that July 17th would be known as the World Day for International Criminal Justice. The Review Conference of the Rome Statute was held in Uganda to consider amendments to the Rome Statute of the International Criminal Court (ICC). This international governmental organization and international tribunal sits in The Hague, Netherlands. It is the only international court that can prosecute criminals for certain types of crimes, which include crimes against humanity. The Rome Statute adopted the treaty for the ICC on July 17th, 1998.



16 July 2022

World Snake Day - 16 July.

World Snake Day on July 16th urges increased awareness of the wide variety of species around the world. With around 3,500 species, finding a snake that fascinates you or that was unknown to you previously won’t be difficult.

Among the 3,500 species, only about 600 are venomous. However, according to the World Health Organization, only about 200 of those pose a significant risk to human life.

The world’s smallest snake is the Barbados thread snake. This serpent is smaller than a nightcrawler at about 4 inches. In comparison, the longest snake is the reticulated python, and the heaviest is the green anaconda. One distinctive viper, the atheris hispida – a bush viper – jumps out of fantasy books with its scaled head. Did the viper inspire fire breathing dragons?

Other snakes are brilliantly colored. Vibrant reds, yellows, blues, and oranges populate the snake world. From the green tree python whose color ranges from green to red and brown and the banded sea krait that looks like it came out of the Beetlejuice movie, it’s a rainbow-colored world.

Snake Facts

  • Only 1/8 of the known species are venomous.
  • Their upper and lower jaw separate to allow snakes to consume prey up to three times larger than the diameter of their head.
  • Snakes eat their prey whole.
  • Most snakes are nocturnal.
  • Their tongue is used to smell their air.
  • Snakes are cold-blooded, or ectotherms, and must sun themselves to regulate their body temperatures.
  • While most snakes lay eggs, some give live birth.
  • From anti-tumor treatments to antibacterial properties, snake venom has been studied for medical purposes for many years.


15 July 2022

World Youth Skills Day - 15 July.

Every year on July 15th, World Youth Skills Day encourages youth to acquire certain skills that will help them achieve personal success and fulfillment. The day also raises awareness about the lack of skills that prevent young people from working.

There is a growing concern that youth throughout the world are not able to find employment. There is also concern that youth are not able to receive the proper education or training for their future careers. The number of youth not in employment, education, or training is known as NEET. In recent years, nearly 267 million were classified as NEET. This number is also expected to increase to 273 million in the near future.

To help combat these numbers, the UN and other organizations are placing emphasis on Technical and Vocational Education and Training (TVET). This type of education prepares people to work as a technician. It also allows employees to take up a skilled craft or trade. TVET takes place at a higher education level and can interact with an apprenticeship program.

Workers around the world have realized some of the many short and long-term benefits that TVET has to offer.

Some of these benefits include:

  • Better chance of employment
  • Higher earning levels
  • Increased job satisfaction
  • Improved flexibility and mobility
  • Lifelong learning

One more proven benefit of TVET is the positive impact it has on a person’s motivation, attitude, and self-esteem. There are also many social benefits of TVET.

In 2014, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution that proclaimed July 15th World Youth Skills Day. The first World Youth Skills Day was held on July 15, 2015.



12 July 2022

Malala Day - 12 July

Every year on July 12th, the world celebrates the birthday of Malala Yousafzai. At age 17, Malala was the youngest recipient ever of the Nobel Peace Prize. The day also honors the rights of children and women.

Malala Yousafzai was born in Mingora, Pakistan, on July 12th, 1997. Malala’s father was an educator, and as a result, she developed a thirst for knowledge. In 2007 the Taliban took over the city in which she lived and banned girls from attending school. As young as she was, Malala demonstrated fierce bravery by standing up to the Taliban. In 2009, Malala started a blog and wrote about life under Taliban rule. She also wrote about her desire to go to school. For three years, she and her father advocated for the right for girls to attend school.

On the morning of October 9th, 2012, gunmen from the Taliban shot Malala Yousafzai in the head. She was just 15 years old at the time. After four days in a military hospital, doctors transferred her to an ICU in Birmingham, England. Multiple surgeries and weeks of rehabilitative therapy later, Malala began attending school in Birmingham.

On her 16th birthday, the young lady traveled to New York and spoke at the United Nations. In 2013, TIME Magazine declared Malala one of the world’s most influential people. A year later, Malala was named a Nobel Peace Prize winner. Along with this prestigious honor, Malala has received the United Nations Human Rights Prize and The Liberty Medal. In 2017, Malala began her studies at Oxford. She currently resides in Birmingham and continues to fight for women’s empowerment and education.

July 12th holds special significance for Malala Yousafzai. It’s not only her birthday, but it’s also this date in 2013 that she spoke at the UN to call for worldwide access to education. Since that day, the UN has dubbed July 12th, Malala Day. During her UN address, she stated, “Malala Day is not my day. Today is the day of every woman, every boy, and every girl who have raised their voice for their rights.”



11 July 2022

World Population Day - 11 July.

World Population Day on July 11th focuses on balancing a healthy human race and planet.

The pace of population growth places reproductive rights and gender equality at the forefront of sustainability concerns. As the population grows, the demand for resources increases as well. While areas of the world enjoy open spaces and room to move, others are overcrowded.

In 1987, estimates reached 5 billion humans for the world’s population. By 2100, the population is estimated to be 11.5 billion. The growing population places stress on economies as well as infrastructure. Issues that were once minor become climatic, too. Other areas of concern include healthcare, housing, education, logistics, and nutrition.

While local communities address some concerns, nations join forces to address others on a global scale. The day provides a platform for goals and a way to strive to meet those goals.

In 1987, the Day of Five Billion recognized the global population of the world. It caught the attention of the United Nations and in 1989 they established the United Nations Development Programme. In 1994, during the International Conference on Population and Development, governments and UN agencies set forth goals.

  • Providing universal education
  • Reduce infant and child mortality
  • Reduce maternal mortality
  • Provide greater access to health and reproductive services



10 July 2022

Global Energy Independence Day - 10 July.

Every year on July 10th, Global Energy Independence Day promotes awareness for alternative forms of energy. The day also offers opportunities to learn more about renewable forms of energy, such as solar, wind, and geothermal.

Some of the most common sources of energy that people use include oil, coal, and gas. These types of energy are known as fossil fuels. There are many concerns with fossil fuels. One is that they will eventually run out. Other fossil fuel concerns include air and water pollution, land degradation, and global warming. These problems are motivating scientists to discover newer forms of energy that can be replenished. These types of energy include solar, wind, hydroelectric, nuclear, and geothermal.

Some believe that the only way to achieve energy independence is to embrace renewable energy. Unfortunately, this is difficult to do. Some reasons for this include a lack of knowledge about how these energy sources work and also how much they cost for the consumer. One more major barrier in switching from fossil fuels to renewable energy is the inconvenience of doing so. This is why awareness for renewable energy is so important.

In 2006, Michael D. Antonovich proclaimed July 10th as Global Energy Independence Day. At the time, Antonovich served as a member of the Los Angeles County Board of Supervisors. The date of July 10th coincides with the birthday of Nikola Tesla, who was born in 1856. Tesla is a Serbian-American inventor born in Croatia. Tesla made many breakthroughs in the area of electric power. His inventions helped pave the way to discover other forms of energy.



07 July 2022

World Chocolate Day - 07 July.

Every year on July 7th, World Chocolate Day allows chocolate lovers around the world to indulge in their favorite treat without any guilt. The day also celebrates all kinds of goodies made from chocolate, including chocolate milk, hot chocolate, chocolate candy bar, chocolate cake, brownies, or anything covered in chocolate.

Chocolate comes from the seed of the tropical Theobroma cacao tree. Cacao has been cultivated for at least three millennia and grows in Mexico, Central America, and Northern South America. The earliest known documentation of using cacao seeds is from around 1100 BC.

Since cacao tree seeds have a very intense, bitter taste, they must be fermented to develop the flavor. Once fermented, processors dry, clean and roast the beans. After roasting, the shell is removed to produce cacao nibs.

The cacao nibs are then ground into cocoa mass, which is pure chocolate in rough form. The cocoa mass is usually liquefied, then molded with or without other ingredients. At this point in the process, it is called chocolate liquor. The chocolate liquor gets processed into two components: cocoa solids and cocoa butter.

Most Common Types of Chocolate

  • Unsweetened baking chocolate – cocoa solids and cocoa butter in varying proportions.
  • Sweet chocolate – cocoa solids, cocoa butter or other fat and sugar.
  • Milk chocolate – sweet chocolate with milk powder or condensed milk.
  • White chocolate – cocoa butter, sugar, and milk but no cocoa solids.

Most people love chocolate. In fact, nine out of ten people love chocolate. About 1 billion people eat chocolate every day. Besides the fact it tastes so good, there are some health benefits of chocolate. Chocolate increases serotonin and dopamine levels, which helps to boost the mood. Dark chocolate can also be especially good for you. Dark chocolate is a powerful source of antioxidants, plus it helps to improve blood flow, lower blood pressure, and reduce the risk of heart disease.

It’s unclear who came up with this yummy food day. However, the day is celebrated on July 7th because it was on this date in 1550 that chocolate was first brought to Europe. The first World Chocolate Day was celebrated in 2009.



03 July 2022

International Plastic Bag Free Day - 03 July.

Every year on July 3rd, International Plastic Bag Free Day encourages people to cut down on the use of plastic bags.

Most people only use a plastic bag one time, then throw it away. Single-use plastic bags have motivated some cities to ban them altogether. 

Despite these regulations, plastic bags continue to be a massive problem for our planet. Each year, 8 million metric tons of plastic end up in the ocean harming fish and wildlife. When plastic enters the food chain, it can also harm human health.

Zero Waste Europe established International Plastic Bag Free Day in 2009. In recent years, the day has become part of the Break Free From Plastic movement. This campaign brings together an international movement of plastic pollution fighters. As of 2020, the movement has grown to nearly 6,500 individuals and over 2,400 organizations.



02 July 2022

World Unidentified Flying Objects (UFO) Day - 02 July.

World UFO Day commemorates two separate dates. The first, on June 24th, recognizes the first widely reported UFO sighting on this same day in 1947 by aviator Kenneth Arnold. On July 2nd, the date commemorates the incident that took place in Roswell, New Mexico, in the same year.

Before 1947, written record of humans sighting unusual and unexplained objects in the sky existed. However, after the Arnold and Roswell incidents, reports increased dramatically.

As a result, those investigating the sightings rated them on a scale. One particular astronomer studying the sightings, Josef Allen Hynek, wrote several books about the UFO research. The Hyneck scale ranks sightings by proximity, from Nocturnal Lights to Close Encounters of the Third Kind.

All around the world, unusual lights in the sky or strange occurrences keep humans always curious about otherworldly beings. Movies and television series keep our imaginations alive as well. Conspiracy theories are alive as well, too.

During the 20th century, the world’s fascination with objects in the sky definitely increased. Before the 1947 sightings, H.G. Wells published a story that later became a radio play. Its broadcast across the airwaves had some frightening results! The War of the Worlds, published in 1898 and later broadcast by CBS radio in 1938 made many of the radio audience believe they were under attack by Martians. Narrated by Orson Welles, the drama stirred imaginations. Listen to the episode here.

World UFO Day is observed on June 24th and July 2nd. The creators of the July 2nd event launched it to raise awareness of UFO sightings and remove speculation from them.



International Day of Cooperatives - 02 July.

Every year on the first Saturday of July, the International Day of Cooperatives celebrates the cooperative movement. The day also highlights the complementary goals, objectives, and contributions of cooperatives around the world.

Cooperatives are organizations established to purchase and market the products of its members. Also known as co-ops, theses associations of persons unite to meet common economic, social, and cultural needs.

The oldest cooperative was formed in Scotland in 1761. In 1895, the International Cooperative Alliance (IAC) was founded. Today, there are 3 million cooperatives in the world. The six main types of cooperatives include producer, worker, consumer, credit unions, purchasing, and social.

Cooperatives offer many benefits to its members and surrounding communities. Some of those benefits include:

  • Helping to tackle poverty and create food security
  • Providing more affordable finance options
  • Developing and passing on business expertise
  • Contributing to sustainable economic growth

Beyond these benefits, cooperatives stimulate job creation by employing over 100 million people around the world.

Since 1923, the International Day of Cooperatives has been held on the first Saturday in July. The IAC, along with the international cooperative movement, are credited for establishing the day. In 1992, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed a resolution to make the first Saturday of July in 1995 the official International Day of Cooperatives. This date marked 100 years since the formation of the IAC. Since 1995, the UN and the IAC have partnered with one another to organize the annual event. The Committee on the Promotion and Advancement of Cooperatives (COPAC) also plays a role by selecting a theme each year. 

On July 2, cooperatives all around the world will celebrate the 100th International Day of Cooperatives (#CoopsDay). A decade on from the UN International Year of Cooperatives, which showcased the unique contribution of cooperatives to making the world a better place, this year’s #CoopsDay slogan — “Cooperatives Build a Better World”— echoes the theme of the International Year.



01 July 2022

International Reggae Day - 01 July.

Every year on July 1st, International Reggae Day celebrates reggae culture and its influence on Jamaican music.

Reggae developed in the 1960s and evolved into a popular style of music. With its roots in Jamaica, Reggae music is an integral part of the Jamaican culture. It is a mix of rhythm & blues, calypso, African, and Latin American music.

A heavy four-beat rhythm characterizes reggae music. These beats are carried out by drums, congas, bass guitars, and electric guitars. Another popular instrument in reggae music is the scraper. A scraper is a corrugated stick that the musician rubs with a plain stick.

By the 1970s, reggae music became known around the world. The style of music was especially popular in the United States, Great Britain, and Africa. Many people say that reggae music serves as a voice for the oppressed.

Some of the greatest reggae songs of all time include:

  • “No Woman, No Cry” by Bob Marley and the Wailers
  • “Funky Kingston” by Toots & the Maytals
  • “Montego Bay” by Freddie Notes & the Rudies
  • “Many Rivers to Cross” by Jimmy Cliff
  • “The Tide is High” by the Paragons
  • “Red Red Wine” by UB40
  • “I Shot the Sherriff” by Bob Marley and the Wailers
  • “Revolution” by Dennis Brown
  • “Love is My Religion” by Ziggy Marley
  • “Hold Me Tight” by Johnny Nash

Bob Marley and the Wailers are considered the most iconic reggae artists ever and are credited for bringing reggae music to the international stage.

Andrea Davis of Jamaica Arts Holdings founded International Reggae Day. Her 1991 visit to Kingston inspired her to start the annual event. During Davis’ visit, she heard a speech made by the South African leader, Winnie Mandela. He discussed the impact reggae music had as people in South Africa fought for equal rights during Apartheid. The first International Reggae Day was held on July 1st, 1994.





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