30 September 2021

Elon Musk overtakes Jeff Bezos to become world's richest person again.

Tesla's CEO Elon Musk, with a net worth of $213 billion has pipped Amazon's Jeff Bezos to become world's richest person again, according to Bloomberg Billionaires Index.

In the past one-week the Tesla founder has gained around $13 billion in net worth as the share price of electric vehicle maker surged.

The Bloomberg Billionaires Index is a daily ranking of the world’s richest people.

Tesla's shares have been trading lower today by 1.4% at $780.7 on Nasdaq as tech stocks took a pounding on rising US bond yields. Meanwhile, Amazon's stock has fallen over 3%, trading at $3,297.47 on Nasdaq.

According to the real-time data of Bloomberg index, Jeff Bezos has a net worth of $197 billion, followed by Bernard Arnault, the chairman of Louis Vuitton (LVMH) with a net worth of $160 billion. Facebook chief Mark Zuckerberg and Bill Gates take fourth and fifth places in the index with a net worth of $132 billion and $128 billion respectively.

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International Translation Day - 30 September.

International Translation Day on September 30th pays tribute to language professionals who offer translation and interpretation services. In doing so, translators bring nations together, facilitate dialogue, and contribute to world peace.

There are over 6,500 spoken languages in the world. It is challenging to overcome language barriers. Translators and interpreters make it easier to do so. Translation and interpretation are two different things. Translation involves the written word. Interpretation involves the spoken word.

The International Federation of Translators (FIT) has been celebrating translation day since its inception in 1953. In 1991 the FIT wanted to have an officially recognized International Translation Day. It wasn’t until 2017 that the UN passed a resolution declaring September 30 as International Translation Day.

The date of September 30th celebrates the Feast of St. Jerome, the patron Saint of translators. St. Jerome is credited for translating most of the Bible from Latin and Hebrew to Greek. He died on September 30th, 420.

International Translation Day 2021 theme: “United in translation”.

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World Maritime Day - 30 September 2021.

Every year on the last Thursday of September World Maritime Day focuses on shipping safety, maritime security, and the marine environment.

Maritime describes anything to do with the sea and ships. For example, the word refers to traveling and working on the ocean or military activity on the sea.

International shipping accounts for more than 80 percent of global trade. Shipping is considered the most cost-effective and efficient method to transport goods. The international shipping industry is also important for sustainable green economic growth.

The IMO began celebrating World Maritime Day in 1978. At that time, the IMO had 21 member states. Since then, the IMO has grown to over 160 member states. Every nation with an interest in maritime affairs holds a membership with the IMO. Each year World Maritime Day observes the day with a different theme. In 2018, in conjunction with the founding of the IMO 70 years prior, the theme was IMO 70: Our Heritage – Better Shipping for a Better Future.

On World Maritime Day 2021, on 30 September, IMO hosted a live webinar at 12.00 BST exploring the theme "Seafarers: at the core of shipping’s future". In addition to hearing from Secretary General Kitack Lim, attendees heard from four seafarers about the following topics: diversity, safety, crew change and the environment. 

Spurce: www.imo.org


North Korea says it fired new 'hypersonic missile'.

North Korea has claimed that it successfully tested a new hypersonic missile called Hwasong-8 on Tuesday (28th).

State media said the new missile was one of the "five most important" new weapons systems laid out in its five-year military development plan.

They called the missile a "strategic weapon", which usually means it has nuclear capabilities.

Tuesday's launch is another indication of Pyongyang's growing weapons technology amid strict sanctions.

This is a technology that allows missiles to be pre-fuelled and then sent to the field in canisters. This means it could potentially stay launch-ready for years. This latest launch also marked the country's third missile test this month.

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29 September 2021

Sri Lanka bags two bronze medals at 58th World Military Boxing Championship.

Lance Corporal Sajeewa Nuwan of the Sri Lanka Army (SLA) and Leading Aircraftwoman Gayani Kaluarachchi of the Sri Lanka Air Force (SLAF) won bronze medals at the 58th World Military Boxing Championship in Russia held recently in Moscow.

According to the SLA and SLAF sources, Army light fly weight pugilist Lance Corporal Nuwan of Sri Lanka Armoured Corps (SLAC) had secured the medal under 49 kg weight category and Women's 75kg weight category bronze medal was secured by Leading Aircraftwoman Kaluarachchi.

More than 230 competitors from 36 countries vied for the titles at the Championship, the SLA confirmed.

A 23-member delegation, composed of tri-service and civil sector boxers, coaches, Officers and officials attended the event.

The 58th World Boxing Championship was inaugurated by a speech of Deputy Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation General of the Army Nikolai Pankov, who read out the welcoming address of the Minister of Defence of the Russian Federation, Hero of Russia, General of the Army Sergei Shoigu.

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Fumio Kishida to become Japan's next Prime Minister.

Japan’s former Foreign Minister, Fumio Kishida has won the ruling party’s leadership election, virtually ensuring that he will become the country’s next prime minister. Kishida won 257 votes in a runoff to defeat Taro Kono, a popular vaccines minister who previously held the positions of defence and foreign minister.

The 64-year-old replaces outgoing party leader Prime Minister Yoshihide Suga, who is stepping down after serving only one year since taking office last September. Kishida previously served as LDP policy chief and was foreign minister between 2012-17, during which he negotiated accords with Russia and South Korea, with whom Japan’s relations are often frosty.

He will now lead the LDP into a general election due by November 28.

The 58-year-old Kono won 170 votes of the 425 available.

Two female contenders, Sanae Takaichi, 60, and Seiko Noda, 61, dropped out after the first round.

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Scientists develop a 3D-printed microneedle patch.

Scientists have developed a tiny 3D-printed microneedle vaccine patch that could offer a pain-free alternative to needles.  

In trials on mice, it offered a 10-fold greater immune response and a 50-fold greater T-cell and antigen-specific antibody response compared with a needle in the arm. 

The polymer patch, which is smaller than a 5p coin, needs lower doses and could be mailed to people's homes and self-administered, eliminating the need for trained medical personnel. 

It also offers an 'anxiety-free' vaccination option for people who have a 'needle phobia', also known as trypanophobia, which is putting some off getting their Covid jabs. 

The researchers are yet to conduct clinical trials of the patch on humans, which could pave the way for a new way of administering vaccines in the future.  

The new vaccine patch has been developed by researchers at Stanford University and the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill. 

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Russia arrests top cybersecurity executive in treason case.

Russian authorities have arrested the chief executive of a leading Russian cybersecurity company on suspicion of state treason, a court said, sending a chill through Russia's IT and business sectors.

Ilya Sachkov, 35, who founded Group IB, one of Russia's most prominent cyber security firms, was arrested on Tuesday, the RTVI TV channel reported as law enforcement officers carried out searches at the Moscow offices of the firm.

State news agency TASS cited an unnamed security source as saying Sachkov was accused of working with unspecified foreign intelligence services and of treason that hurt Russia's national interests. He denied both allegations, it said.

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R. Kelly found guilty in sex trafficking trial.

Singer R. Kelly has been found guilty of exploiting his superstar status to run a scheme to sexually abuse women and children over two decades.

Eleven accusers - nine women and two men - took the stand over the searing six-week trial to describe sexual humiliation and violence at his hands.

After two days of deliberation, the jury found the US star guilty on all nine charges he was facing.

Sentencing is due on 4 May and he could spend the rest of his life behind bars.

The jury found Kelly, whose full name is Robert Sylvester Kelly, was the ringleader of a violent and coercive scheme that lured women and children for him to sexually abuse.

The singer - most famous for the hit songs I Believe I Can Fly and Ignition (Remix) - was also found to have trafficked women between different US states.

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International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste - 29 September.

International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste is celebrated on September 29, since 2020, to promote and implement global efforts to resolve the issue of food wastage. The United Nations General Assembly designated 29 September as the International Day of Awareness of Food Loss and Waste in 2019.

The theme for 2021 is Stop food loss and waste. For the people. For the planet.

The main objective of this day is to take steps towards responsible consumption and production as well as zero hunger, along with working towards addressing the problem of climate change through sustainable food habits.

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US beats Europe Won Ryder Cup golf tournament.

The United States has clinched the 2021 Ryder Cup after rookie Collin Morikawa secured the final half-point to get to a 19-9 victory, which is the largest margin of victory in Ryder Cup history since the 28-point format came about. It's the first time since 1979 and 1983 that Team USA won back-to-back home Ryder Cups after winning in 2016 at Hazeltine. 

The Americans lost in 2018 in France and seven of the last 10 Ryder Cups against Europe, so a dominant 2021 victory could change the tide in the rivalry.

Source: www.nbcsports.com


Rohit Sharma first to score 1,000 runs against one team in IPL.

Rohit Sharma became the first batter in the Indian Premier League (IPL) history to score 1000 runs against a single team during Mumbai Indians’ (MI) contest against Kolkata Knight Riders (KKR) at the Sheikh Zayed Stadium, Abu Dhabi. 

The 34-year-old achieved the feat in the fourth over of MI’s innings. Rohit now has 1015 runs against KKR at an average of 46.13 and a strike rate of 132.16, including six fifties and one hundred.

Source: www.news9live.com


World Heart Day - 29 September.

Every year World Heart Day on September 29th strives to increase awareness of cardiovascular disease, including how to prevent it.

Heart disease is the leading cause of death in the world. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), nearly 18 million people die each year from heart-related issues. About 85% of these deaths are due to heart attack and stroke.

Heart attacks and strokes are caused by blockage preventing blood from flowing to the brain or heart. One of the most common types of obstruction is fatty deposits in the blood vessels. The following risk factors increase the chance of having a heart attack or stroke:

  • Tobacco use
  • Unhealthy diet
  • Obesity
  • Physical inactivity
  • Hypertension
  • Harmful use of alcohol

WHF and WHO in 1999 established world Heart Day. The first official celebration took place on September 24th, 2000. Initially, World Heart Day was observed on the last Sunday of September. In 2011, September 29th became World Heart Day.

Antoni Bayés de Luna, the president of WHF from 1997 to 1999 is credited for coming up with the idea of World Heart Day. More than 90 countries participate in World Heart Day. This day has become the biggest global-awareness raising campaign for cardiovascular health.

The theme for 2021 is "Use Heart to Connect.

Source: world-heart-federation.org


World School Milk Day - 29 September 2021

World School Milk Day started in 2000 to raise awareness of school milk programmes and is celebrated each year on the last Wednesday in September. In 2021, World School Milk Day falling on 29.09.2021. Each year, events are held in over 25 countries. It’s also a day to create awareness for the impact that a healthy dairy-filled breakfast has on a child’s day.

Countries that participate in the school milk programs recognize the health benefits of milk. This healthy beverage contains lots of calcium. This mineral helps children keep their bones and teeth healthy and strong. Fortified milk also contains Vitamin D, which promotes bone growth and reduces inflammation. Other health benefits of milk include:

  • Keeps blood pressures levels at a normal level
  • Helps children stay hydrated
  • Reduces the risk of cardiovascular diseases
  • Contains vitamins and minerals that are good for eyesight
  • Contains protein, which is a good source of energy

Besides a milk program, some schools participate in breakfast programs that provide nutritious meals to students. This program is also very beneficial to students as it helps them have a good start to their day. These breakfasts usually include a serving of milk.

The first World School Milk Day was held in September of 2000. The Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) came up with the day. They chose the last Wednesday in September as it is a school day in most countries.

Source: www.fao.org


28 September 2021

U.S. successfully flight tests Raytheon hypersonic weapon.

The United States has tested an air-breathing hypersonic weapon capable of speeds faster than five times the speed of sound, marking the first successful test of the class of weapon since 2013, the Pentagon said.

The test took place as the United States and its global rivals quicken their pace to build hypersonic weapons - the next generation of arms that rob adversaries of reaction time and traditional defeat mechanisms.

In July, Russia said it had successfully tested a Tsirkon(Zircon) hypersonic cruise missile, a weapon President Vladimir Putin has touted as part of a new generation of missile systems without equal in the world. read more

The free flight test of the Hypersonic Air-breathing Weapon Concept (HAWC) occurred last week, the Defense Advanced Research Projects Agency, or DARPA, said in a statement.

Source: www.reuters.com


NASA’s Juno celebrates 10 years of launch with stunning images of Jupiter and Ganymede.

NASA launched its Juno mission to Jupiter more than 10 years ago, on August 5, 2011. As it moves towards Jupiter, it clicked some of the stunning images.

1-On Oct. 9, Juno flew by Earth using the home planet's gravity to get a boost needed to reach Jupiter. The JunoCam caught this image of Earth and some other instruments.

2-This image of the Jovian moon Ganymede was obtained by the JunoCam imager aboard NASA’s Juno spacecraft during its June 7, 2021, flyby of the icy moon.

3-This view from the JunoCam imager on NASA’s Juno spacecraft shows two storms merging. The image was taken on Dec. 26, 2019.

4-This image of the sunlit part of Jupiter and its swirling atmosphere was created by a citizen scientist (Alex Mai) using data from Juno's JunoCam instrument.

5-This illustration uses data obtained by NASA's Juno mission to depict high-altitude electrical storms on Jupiter.

6-This image of Jupiter’s southern hemisphere was captured by NASA’s Juno spacecraft as it performed a close flyby of the gas giant planet on Dec. 16.

7-This enhanced-colour image of Jupiter’s Great Red Spot was created by citizen scientist Jason Major using data from the JunoCam imager on NASA’s Juno spacecraft.

8-NASA’s Juno spacecraft soared directly over Jupiter’s south pole when JunoCam acquired this image on Feb. 2, 2017, from an altitude of about 62,800 miles (101,000 kilometres) above the cloud tops.

9-This image, taken by the JunoCam imager on NASA's Juno spacecraft, highlights the seventh of eight features forming a ‘string of pearls’ on Jupiter.

10-This amateur-processed image was taken on Dec. 11, 2016, as NASA’s Juno spacecraft performed its third close flyby of Jupiter.

Images & Caption Credit - https://twitter.com


England cricketer Moeen Ali announces retirement from Tests.

England spin-bowling all-rounder Moeen Ali has announced his retirement from the game’s longest format, bringing an end to a 64-Test career.

Ali announced his retirement from Test cricket on Monday (27th). Making his Test debut in 2014, the affable all-rounder scored 2914 runs at 28.29 and took 195 wickets at 36.66 with his off-spin.

Only James Anderson and Stuart Broad took more Test wickets for England in Ali's time in the side, with the spinner the 12th greatest wicket-taker globally in that period.

As a spinner, his finest period came between 2017 and 2019. In 2017, he took 26 wickets at 15.64 against South Africa, claiming a famous hat-trick at the Oval. The following summer he collected 32 wickets across six Tests on tour against West Indies and Sri Lanka. Moeen Ali celebrates his hat-trick against South Africa.

Playing every position from No.1 to No.9, it was with the bat that Ali first earned national selection and in 2016 he showed just why so many astute judges rated him highly, making 1078 runs at 46.86 for the calendar year. Four of his five career centuries came that year as he climbed to a career-high third on the MRF Tyres ICC Men’s Test all-rounder rankings.

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Sania Mirza & Zhang Shuai Win Ostrava Open WTA Doubles Title.

India’s Sania Mirza and her Chinese partner Zhang Shuai won the women’s doubles title in the women’s doubles final at the Ostrava Open in Ostrava, Czech Republic. 

The second-seeded Indo-Chinese duo defeated the third seeded pair of American Kaitlyn Christian and New Zealander Erin Routliffe 6-3 6-2 in the summit clash in one hour and four minutes.

This was Sania’s second final of the season, following a runner-up finish at the WTA 250 Cleveland event in the US last month with Chirstina Mchale.

Mirza has won six Grand Slam titles in doubles – three women’s and three mixed – and is a former world No 1 in doubles.

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India conducts successful maiden flight test of Akash Prime Missile.

India has conducted the first flight test of a new version of the Akash Missile called Akash Prime from Integrated Test Range (ITR), Chandipur, in the state of Odisha.

During the maiden test, the missile intercepted and destroyed an uncrewed aerial target.

ITR’s range stations, including Radars, Electro-Optical Tracking System (EOTS) and Telemetry stations, monitored the missile trajectory and other flight parameters during the trial.

The Defence Research and Development Organisation (DRDO) developed Akash Prime as a medium-range mobile surface-to-air missile (SAM) system.

It is equipped with an indigenous active radio-frequency (RF) seeker for improved accuracy.

The new missile system also incorporates other improvements to offer a more reliable performance under low-temperature environments at higher altitudes.

The test used the modified ground system of the existing Akash weapon system for the flight test.

This was a successful colabrative task of Indian Minister of Defence, DRDO, Indian Army, Indian Air Force (IAF), Defence Public Sector Undertaking (DPSU) and other industry stakeholders. It has proved the competence of DRDO in the design and development of world-class missile systems.

Source: www.army-technology.com


Afghanistan and Myanmar withdraw from UN speaker list amid credentials dispute.

Afghanistan's UN representative Ghulam Isaczai, an appointee of the country's former democratic government, which crumbled under the Taliban's advance last month, had been expected to address world leaders on Monday. His staff informed the UN over the weekend that he would no longer be speaking, according to UN Secretary-General spokesman Stéphane Dujarric.

The UN Credentials Committee is expected to discuss the matter when it meets in November. It will also have another high-profile dispute to adjudicate: between Myanmar's representative to the UN Kyaw Moe Tun -- who was appointed by his country's former government -- and the military junta that seized power in a coup earlier this year.

Kyaw Moe Tun was also scheduled to speak Monday, but confirmed to CNN that he had withdrawn. He declined to comment on the reason, but cited a Foreign Policy report describing a US-China-brokered deal to hold off on granting UN credentials to the junta.

There is an understanding between Russia, China and the United States regarding Myanmar not speaking as long as Ambassador Kyaw Moe Tun remains in his post, a UN diplomat has separately told CNN.

Source: https://edition.cnn.com


Colombo Stock Exchange today recorded new all-time high.

The All Share Price Index (ASPI) of the Colombo Stock Exchange today (28th) recorded a new all-time high as it closed at 9,339.28 points and this was an increase of 0.75% from the previous day’s closing points.  

According to CSE, the index surpassed its previous highest of 9,335.98 points which was recorded on September 02, 2021.

Meanwhile, market turnover is reported as Rs. 6.66 billion. 

Source: www.cse.lk


World Rabies Day - 28 September.

On September 28th, World Rabies Day brings healthcare experts together to spread awareness about rabies. They also find ways to prevent and control this deadly disease.

Even though rabies is 100% preventable, people around the world still die from it. According to the Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC), more than 59,000 people die from rabies each year. Rabid domestic dogs cause over 99% of these deaths. About 95% of all rabies cases occur in Asia and Africa.

Rabies is a contagious viral disease of dogs and other mammals. Since rabies transmits through an animal’s saliva to humans, the virus is extremely dangerous. Rabies occurs on every continent except Antarctica. Education is vital for rabies prevention.

The World Health Organization (WHO) works with partners around the world teaching rabies prevention. Part of the program includes teaching how to avoid animal bites and reading animal behavior. They also teach that washing the wound after getting bitten is crucial for survival.

In 1885, Louis Pasteur and his colleagues developed a rabies vaccination. The vaccine protected dogs from getting rabies. Additionally, it prevented individuals from getting symptoms of rabies after getting bitten.

In 2007, the Global Alliance for Rabies Control established World Rabies Day to raise awareness and increase prevention of the disease worldwide. The United Nations, along with the Centers for Disease Control, the World Organisation for Animal Health and many others endorse the annual observance. The organization selected September 28th to commemorate the death of Louis Pasteur.

This year’s World Rabies Day theme is: “Rabies: Facts, not Fear”.

Source: www.who.int


International Day for Universal Access to Information - 28 September.

Each year on September 28th, the International Day for Universal Access to Information is observed. This day promotes the idea that every individual around the world has a right to seek and receive information.

This right to information is an essential part of the right to freedom of expression. This includes information at all levels, including local, national, and international. The right to information is essential for decision-making, for participating in a democratic government and enhancing transparency. When citizens have access to information on how they are governed, it leads to open and healthy societies. All of this creates a way to fight corruption.

Despite the importance of access to information, many governments throughout the world continue to limit access. A majority of the world’s states do not consider access to information a fundamental right. These include several countries in Africa and the Middle East. Additionally, many countries have limited access to the internet. Some of them include China, Cuba, Iran, North Korea, and Saudi Arabia.

Access to information also involves ensuring every person can obtain data. This includes those with disabilities, minorities, and individuals in poverty-stricken areas.

On November 17, 2015, UNESCO adopted a resolution to declare September 28th as International Day for Universal Access to Information. The first official observation was held in 2016. In declaring this day, UNESCO hopes that countries around the world would adopt Freedom of Information (FOI) policies.

Source: https://en.unesco.org


27 September 2021

Lewis Hamilton wins the Russian Grand Prix 2021.

Lewis Hamilton (Mercedes-Great Britain), has won the F1 Russian Grand Prix 2021. This is his 100th Grand Prix win. 

It was Hamilton’s fifth win of the season and his first since the British Grand Prix in July. Max Verstappen (Red Bull–Netherlands) came second while Carlos Sainz Jr. (Ferrari-Spain) came third in the Russian Grand Prix 2021.

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Landsat 9, NASA's most powerful Landsat satellite ever, is 'go' for launch on Monday (27.09.2021).

NASA has cleared its newest powerful Earth-observing satellite for a launch into orbit from the California coast on Monday (Sept. 27).

The satellite, called Landsat 9, is on track to lift off from the Vandenberg Space Force Base atop an Atlas V rocket provided by the United Launch Alliance. Liftoff is targeted for 2:12 p.m. EDT (11:12 a.m. PDT or 1812 GMT).

Four small cubesats will also launch into orbit with Landsat 9. Two will study the solar wind and exoplanet atmospheres as part of NASA research. Two others are flying undisclosed missions for the U.S. Space Force.

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Health Minister on making COVID-19 vaccine compulsory

It would be possible to pass legal provisions making anti-coronavirus vaccination compulsory if the need arises, Minister of Heath Keheliya Rambukwella said.

He mentioned this speaking to journalists following a program held at the Kandy National Hospital today (September 26).

If there is a need to formulate a legal framework regarding vaccination in the future, it will be done in consultation with the health sector, Minister Rambukwella added.

Source: www.adaderana.lk


Iran offers support to expand trade ties with Sri Lanka.

The governor of the Central Bank of Iran (CBI) has said the bank is ready to provide necessary financial mechanisms for financing trade transactions between Iran and Sri Lanka, the CBI portal reported.

Making the remarks in a meeting with Sri Lanka’s Energy Minister Udaya Gammanpila in Tehran on Saturday (25th), Akbar Komeijani said: “The expansion of trade and banking relations between Iran and Sri Lanka is possible based on the financing of exports and imports between the two countries and the provision of direct and indirect payment mechanisms.”

Welcoming the expansion of trade between the two countries and referring to the history of trade relations between Iran and Sri Lanka, the official said: “Sri Lanka is expected to support Iran’s interests in international arenas as an independent country.”

Emphasizing the Central Bank’s support for trade between the two countries, Komeijani added: “Expanding trade relations and mutual exports and imports, as well as resolving financial issues between the two countries based on understandings and negotiations are on the agenda, and this meeting can be the first step for the development of trade and banking relations between the two countries.”

The CBI governor suggested that a working group comprised of Sri Lankan and CBI experts, businessmen, and other economic actors be set up to provide ways to expand cooperation between the two countries and to resolve debt settlement issues.

Minister Gammanpila for his part expressed Sri Lanka’s willingness for the expansion of cooperation with Iran despite the U.S. sanctions.

“Despite the limitations, we are interested in expanding mutual trade and using all available capacities to advance the interests of both parties; Sri Lanka welcomes all proposals and operational solutions in this regard,” he said.

The Sri Lankan official also welcomed the central bank’s proposals to increase trade cooperation and noted that Sri Lanka will be by Iran’s side in difficult international situations and will support its interests.

Source: www.adaderana.lk


World Tourism Day - 27 September.

World Tourism Day on September 27th shines a spotlight on the benefits of tourism. Besides adding economic value to communities, tourism adds social, political, and cultural value. In essence, tourism helps all countries to build a better future.

Tourism is big business. In 2018, tourism contributed $8.8 trillion dollars to the global economy. Over recent years, travel and tourism have been the second-fasting growing sector in the world. The tourism industry also added 319 million jobs. Despite the amount of jobs tourism creates, there is still work to do. Industry experts believe there is potential for tourism to create even more jobs, especially for women, youth, and individuals in rural areas.

By the year 2030, the World Tourism Organization (UNWTO), an agency of the United Nations, hopes to implement policies that will further advance sustainable tourism. In turn, tourism will create jobs and promote local cultures and products.

In 1979 during a session in Spain, the UNWTO decided to establish World Tourism Day. The first official observance was held on September 27th, 1980. The date reflected the anniversary of the adoption of the UNWTO Statutes, an event that happened in 1970.

World Tourism Day occurs each year during a time when tourism is on the minds of millions of people. While the tourism season is wrapping up in the Northern Hemisphere, it’s just beginning in the Southern Hemisphere.

World Tourism Day 2021 highlights the power of ‘Tourism for Inclusive Growth’.

Source: www.unwto.org


26 September 2021

Guatemala's Fuego volcano erupted.

Guatemala's Fuego volcano began a strong eruptive phase on Thursday (23rd), spewing lava and ash in a series of explosions that have not yet forced any evacuations.

The eruptions produced a long river of lava flowing down to the base of the volcano, some 35 kilometers (22 miles) southwest of the capital Guatemala City.

Fuego, 3.7 kilometers high (12,240 feet), is one of three active volcanoes in Guatemala.

The recently recorded activity is the strongest since June 2018, when Fuego unleashed a torrent of mud and ash that wiped the village of San Miguel Los Lotes from the map and more than 200 people were killed.

On Thursday, several communities at the foot of the mountain reported nothing more serious than a downpour of ash, said the national Conred disaster coordination center.

Source: https://phys.org


2021 Digital Quality of Life Index.

The Digital Quality of Life (DQL) Index is a global research on the quality of a digital wellbeing in 110 countries (90% of the global population). 

The Digital Quality of Life (DQL) Index reveals insights into what factors impact a country’s digital wellbeing the most and which areas should be prioritized to improve it.

The 2021 edition of the index is a third issue of an annual research that offers a unique understanding of the overall digital quality of life based on five core pillars. These five pillars are internet affordability, internet quality, electronic infrastructure, electronic security, and electronic government.

Denmark topped the index for the second year in a row, followed by South Korea and Finland.

Sri Lanka has ranked 88th in globally (Ranking Index 0.42) and 25th as an Asian Country out of 110 and 32 countries respectively.

Also recorded below given Ranks / Indexes  against each of five pillars.

  • Internet Affordability                    3rd / 0.45   
  • Internet Quality                           101st / 0.37
  • Electronic Infrastructure             101st / 0.43
  • Electronic Security                     105th / 35.40
  • Electronic Government               80th / 0.52

Source: https://surfshark.com


World Environmental Health Day - 26 September.

The International Federation of Environmental Health (IFEH) declared to observe World Environmental Health Day on 26 September every year. This day is celebrated to shed the light on important work of environmental health around the world. The day is important in the current situation as most parts of the world continue to recover from the ongoing coronavirus pandemic situation. In such times, the importance of the Environmental Health workforce has been highlighted more than ever before.

In 2011, the International Federation of Environmental Health (IFEH) declared to observe World Environmental Health Day on 26 September. The day was started by the Federation during a meeting in Indonesia on this day in 2011.

The theme for the 2021 World Environmental Health Day: Prioritizing Environmental Health for healthier communities in the global recovery.

Source: https://www.ifeh.org


World Rivers Day - 27 September.

Every year on the fourth Sunday in September, World Rivers Day highlights the many values of rivers and streams. It’s also a day to encourage the improved stewardship of rivers around the world.

It’s difficult to determine the exact number of rivers in the world. According to experts, there are 165 major rivers. These waterways are long and wide and contain large volumes of flowing water. Seventy-six rivers are over 1,000 miles long. Some of the world’s longest rivers include:

  • Nile (4,135 miles long)
  • Amazon (3,980 miles long)
  • Yangtze (3,917 miles long)
  • Mississippi and Missouri (3,902 miles and the longest river system in North America)
  • Yenisei (3,445 miles long)
  • Yellow (3,398 miles long)

In December of 2003, the United Nations proclaimed 2005 to 2015 as “Water for Life Decade.” Their goal was to create awareness for better care of our planet’s water resources. The decade officially began on March 22, 2005. Soon after, Mark Angelo founded World Rivers Day. Angelo is from British Columbia, Canada and is also the founder of BC Rivers Day. The first World Rivers Day took place in 2005. Dozens of countries celebrated the day. Since then, the day has been celebrated by millions of people in up to 100 countries.

The theme for World Rivers Day 2021 is "Waterways in our Communities".

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European Day of Languages - 26 September.

Every year on September 26th, the European Day of Languages alerts the general public about the importance of learning different languages. The Day also promotes the rich linguistic and cultural diversity of Europe.

According to the most recent data, there are 51 independent states in Europe. There are over 200 languages spoken here, on the second smallest continent. Of these languages, 24 of them are considered official languages. Russia is the largest and most populous country in Europe, which makes Russian the most commonly spoken language.

The nine other most spoken languages in Europe include:

  • German
  • French
  • Turkish
  • Italian
  • English
  • Spanish
  • Polish
  • Ukrainian
  • Dutch

In 1997, the Council of Europe came up with the idea to have a European Year of Languages. Two years later in 1999, the Committee of Ministers in Europe declared 2001 to be the European Year of Languages. Due to the success of the event, the Parliamentary Assembly of the Council of Europe recommended a European Day of Languages be held on an annual basis. They chose the date of September 26th.

Source: https://cesie.org


World Contraception Day - 26 September.

Every year on September 26th, World Contraception Day spreads awareness about contraception and safe sex. The day also teaches younger generations to make informed decisions about sexual health.

Many believe birth control is a fairly modern invention. However, men and women as far back as 3000 BC used various ways to prevent pregnancy. In 3000 BC, ancient Egyptian men had invented the first condom. IN 1850 BC, women were using a pessary as a way to prevent pregnancy. This contraceptive device was placed inside the vagina to kill sperm. The pessary contained a concoction of crocodile dung, honey, and sodium carbonate.

In 2007, 10 international family planning organizations came together to form World Contraception Day. They set a goal to promote safe, effective, and preferred family planning options and contraceptive methods. Additionally, 15 NGOs throughout the world, along with several scientific and medical societies, support this day.

Source: www.ohchr.org


International Daughters Day - 26 September 2021.

International Daughters Day on the fourth Sunday in September celebrates the girl child.

The observance originated in India where, even today, some cultures see girl children as burdens. Families with daughters carry a stigma. The celebration helps eliminate traditions which help to maintain the view of a girl child as a burden. Some underdeveloped countries still practice these traditions.

However, the rest of the world may view the day as a classic celebration. While families may approach the day as an opportunity to be thankful for the life of a girl child, daughters may approach the day differently.  They may take the time to celebrate being a daughter and the family she has. Many spend the day with family and look forward to making memories with loved ones.

As varied as the celebrations, our daughters come with a variety of personalities, too. While one is spunky and adventurous, another will outwit us in a second. They win our hearts immediately. Our instincts may tell us to protect them. However, they’re more likely to protect us just as fiercely. Daughters simply deserve to grow and learn and explore like any other person in the world.

The observance began in India as a way to eliminate the stigma associated with giving birth to a daughter. In some parts of the world, male children have more value than female children. This day promotes equal value for both boy and girl children. Girls can be and should be educated and provided equal opportunities.

Source: https://indianexpress.com


Apple co-founder Steve Wozniak launches space start-up Privateer.

Apple’s co-creator Steve Wozniak has launched a new space start-up called Privateer Space, bringing potential competition to a field dominated by billionaires Elon Musk, Jeff Bezos and Richard Branson. Privateer will be represented at the Advanced Maui Optical and Space Surveillance Technologies Conference, scheduled to run from September 14-17 in Hawaii.

The global space economy, which has attracted many top companies such as Tesla and Amazon, involves various activities such as research and development, space tourism and the utilisation of space. Bank of America predicts the space economy will have more than tripled in size by 2030, with a $1.4 trillion market value.

Mr Wozniak co-founded Apple Computers in 1976 with fellow college dropout Steve Jobs and businessman Ronald Wayne.

Jobs and Mr Wozniak left Apple in 1985 though they remained shareholders and Jobs later returned to the company.

In 2002, Mr Wozniak co-founded another company called Wheels of Zeus (WoZ) with Mr Fielding. WoZ worked on global positioning system smart tags and was disbanded in 2006.

Source: www.thenationalnews.com



Heavy rains as Cyclone Gulab makes landfall in India.

A cyclone packing strong winds and rains has barrelled into India’s east coast, as tens of thousands of people in three states were evacuated to shelters.

Heavy rains and strong winds were reported along the coast on Sunday evening as the tropical storm over the Bay of Bengal began making landfall, barely four months after another cyclone hit the region, leaving destruction in its wake.

Cloud bands had touched the coastal regions of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh indicating Cyclone Gulab had begun to make landfall, the India Meteorological Department tweeted.

The storm with wind speeds up to 95km/h (59mph) was expected to cross the coasts of Odisha and Andhra Pradesh states by midnight (19:30 GMT).

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