29 June 2022

Eoin Morgan announces retirement from international cricket.

Eoin Morgan, England men's limited-overs captain, has confirmed his retirement from international cricket. He steps down as England's leading run-scorer and most-capped player in both white-ball formats, and the only man to lead the team to an ODI World Cup success.

Morgan, 35, is England’s leading runscorer as well as the most successful captain in ODI cricket. Morgan has scored 6957 runs in 225 ODIs for England, with 13 centuries. Overall, Morgan has 7701 runs in ODI cricket, with 14 centuries. 

Morgan captained England in 126 matches, winning 76 – a win percentage of 65.25. His most memorable moment remains leading England to their maiden title at the 2019 ICC Men’s Cricket World Cup on home soil. 

Morgan was also a highly successful T20I cricketer, scoring 2458 runs in 115 matches, with 14 half-centuries and striking at 136.18. 

He is the most successful T20I captain in international cricket, winning 42 of the 72 matches he has led his side. 

Announcing his retirement, Morgan said in a statement, “After careful deliberation and consideration, I am here to announce my retirement from international cricket with immediate effect. 

Source: www.espncricinfo.com

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UK-built Forum satellite will measure greenhouse effect.

A spacecraft measuring Earth's warming 'greenhouse' effect in its greatest ever detail will be built in the UK.

The Forum satellite will be assembled by aerospace giant Airbus at its factory in Stevenage.

It will monitor far-infrared radiation coming up from our planet's surface.

It's this particular type of light that makes molecules of gases such as carbon dioxide and water vapour vibrate, leading to a heating of the atmosphere - a key aspect of climate change.

Forum is an Earth observation mission of the European Space Agency (Esa). Its procurement contract with Airbus is worth €160m (£140m).

Source: www.bbc.com

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World’s Largest Bacterium Discovered in Caribbean Mangrove Swamps.

Scientists have identified a macroscopic species of bacterium in the waters of a Caribbean mangrove swamp, changing the size of how big bacteria were thought to be. The new species, Thiomargarita magnifica, meaning “sulfur pearl,” is a huge thin white filament visible to the naked eye.

The bacterium also has a complex membrane organization and a predictable life cycle. It is by far the largest bacterium known to date, according to Jean-Marie Volland, a marine biologist at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory and a co-author of a paper reporting the finding in the journal Science. The thin white thread is about the size of a human eyelash.

Scientists have not been able to grow the bacteria in lab culture yet. But they have been making discoveries about the bacteria anyway. 

Source: www.smithsonianmag.com

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IWF elects Mohammed Jalood as president.

The International Weightlifting Federation (IWF) elects Mohammed Jalood president as historic electoral congress wraps up. After a few delays the IWF finally held their long-awaited elections over the weekend in Tirana, Albania.

Mohammed Jaloud of Iraq was elected the new IWF president, becoming the first Asian president in the IWF’s history.

Jaloud, one of 11 candidates for the presidency, was a weightlifter himself for 13 years, and also holds citizenship status in Kazakhstan. The former general secretary of the Asian Weightlifting Federation is looking forward to his new role.

Source: www.infobae.com

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West African nations Gabon and Togo join Commonwealth.

Gabon and Togo joined the Commonwealth on Saturday 25 June, becoming the latest nations with no historic ties to Britain to enter the English-speaking club headed by Queen Elizabeth II.  

The 54-nation group of mostly former British colonies accepted Togo and Gabon's application for membership on the final day of its leadership summit in Rwanda.

The French-speaking West African states are the first new members to join the Commonwealth since Rwanda in 2009.

Togo's Foreign Minister Robert Dussey said membership opened the door to 2.5 billion consumers in the Commonwealth realm, offered new education opportunities, and tapped a "craze" for English among his countrymen.

The Commonwealth of Nations now has 56 member nations after the admission of Togo and Gabon. 

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46 people found dead in 18-wheeler in San Antonio.

The death toll rose to 50 on Tuesday in a suspected case of human smuggling, after dozens were found inside a tractor-trailer in San Antonio, Texas, according to U.S. authorities.

Homeland Security Investigations said initially they found more than 40 people dead upon arrival on the scene Monday evening.

Mexican Foreign Secretary Marcelo Ebrard, citing information provided by U.S. authorities, said the death toll was at least 50, including 22 Mexican citizens, seven Guatemalan citizens and two Honduran citizens. The other victims have yet to be identified and Mexico is working with the U.S. on an investigation, according to Ebrard.

An additional 16 people -- 12 adults and four children -- were transported to area hospitals in what officials called a "mass casualty event."

Chris Magnus, the commissioner of U.S. Customs and Border Protection (CBP), told reporters he was "horrified" by the incident.

Source: https://abcnews.go.com

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28 June 2022

Intact woolly mammoth baby uncovered in northwestern Canada.

The preserved remains of a nearly whole 30,000-year-old baby woolly mammoth have been discovered in northwestern Canada.

The baby mammoth was found frozen in permafrost in the Klondike gold fields in the Yukon. Government officials and representatives of the Trʼondëk Hwëchʼin Traditional Territory, where the ancient animal was discovered, said it's the most complete and best-preserved woolly mammoth ever found in North America.

The mummified mammoth was uncovered on June 21 by miners who were digging through the permafrost on Eureka Creek, according to the Yukon government.

Dan Shugar, a geomorphologist and associate professor at the University of Calgary,  the stunningly preserved mammoth calf still has its trunk, hair, skin, toenails and intestines intact.

Source: www.nbcnews.com

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Global Liveability Index 2022.

The annual ranking of the world’s most liveable cities has just been released by the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU), and 2022’s Global Liveability Index shows some marked differences from the previous year. The EIU, which is a sister organization to The Economist, ranked 173 cities around the world on a variety of factors, including health care, crime rates, political stability, infrastructure and access to green space.

2022’s Global Liveability Index - The top 10 Cities.

  • 1. Vienna, Austria
  • 2. Copenhagen, Denmark
  • 3. Zurich, Switzerland
  • 4. Calgary, Canada
  • 5. Vancouver, Canada
  • 6. Geneva, Switzerland
  • 7. Frankfurt, Germany
  • 8. Toronto, Canada
  • 9. Amsterdam, Netherlands
  • 10. Osaka, Japan and Melbourne, Australia (tie)

10 LEAST LIVEABLE CITIES AROUND THE WORLD IN 2022:

  1. Tehran, Iran
  2. Douala, Cameroon
  3. Harare, Zimbabwe
  4. Dhaka, Bangladesh
  5. Port Moresby, PNG
  6. Karachi, Pakistan
  7. Algiers, Algeria
  8. Tripoli, Libya
  9. Lagos, Nigeria
  10. Damascus, Syria

Source: www.eiu.com

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Production Shut Down on Netflix Series ‘The Chosen One’ After Two Actors Killed in Car Crash.

Production has shut down on the Netflix series “The Chosen One” after two actors were killed and six others were injured in a car crash near the city of Mulegé in Baja California. Two other actors and four members of the production crew were also injured but are reported to be in stable condition.

According to Variety, it has been confirmed that the accident didn’t occur on-set but instead happened as the eight members of the production were traveling to the local airport. It’s been reported that the van flipped after running off the road, though the investigation is still ongoing. Netflix has not provided a comment on the accident, which happened on Thursday. Production company Redrum has decided to halt production and it is not known when the series, which has been in production since April, will resume.

Source: https://sports.yahoo.com

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Ray-Ban's billionaire owner Leonardo Del Vecchio dies.

Leonardo Del Vecchio, the chairman of spectacles maker EssilorLuxottica (ESLOF) and one of Italy's wealthiest business figures, has died aged 87, his company said on Monday.

Del Vecchio rose from a childhood in an orphanage to amass a fortune of tens of billions of euros in one of the most famous rags-to-riches stories in Italy's post-war economic recovery.

The Italian businessman founded Luxottica in 1961 and built up a company that owned the Ray-Ban brand and combined forces with France's Essilor in a major merger in 2018.

He remained executive chairman of EssilorLuxottica until December 2020, when he handed the day-to-day leadership of the company to Chief Executive Francesco Milleri. He had personally supported Milleri as head of the Franco-Italian eyewear giant when the merged group was created.

Source: https://edition.cnn.com

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China launched Three New Yagon-35 remote Sensing Satellites.

Three new remote sensing satellites were successfully launched by China from the Xichang Satellite Launch Centre in the Sichuan Province in southwest China. The satellites were launched by a Long March-2D carrier rocket at 10:22 a.m. (local time) as part of the Yaogan-35 family and successfully entered the intended orbit.

The satellites will primarily be utilised for scientific research, land resource assessments, agricultural production estimation, and disaster prevention and mitigation. The Long March series carrier rockets’ 424th mission was this one.

Three Yaogan-35 satellites were launched by China on November 6.

The China Aerospace Science and Technology Corporation’s Long March carrier rocket family, which accounts for around 96.4%.

Source: http://english.scio.gov.cn


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EU awards Ukraine and Moldova candidate status.

Ukraine and Moldova have both been granted EU candidate status, President of the European Council Charles Michel has announced.

Ukraine applied days after the Russian invasion in February, and the process moved at a record speed.

The mayor of the Ukrainian capital Kyiv, former boxer Vitali Klitschko, paid an emotional tribute to his fellow citizens resisting the invasion.

Candidate status is the first official step towards EU membership. But it can take many years to join and there's no guarantee of success.

Source: www.bbc.com

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US Supreme Court ends constitutional right to abortion.

Millions of women in the US will lose the constitutional right to abortion, after the Supreme Court overturned its 50-year-old Roe v Wade decision.

The judgement paves the way for individual states to ban the procedure.

Half are expected to introduce new restrictions or bans. Thirteen have already passed so-called trigger laws to automatically outlaw abortion.

President Joe Biden described it as "a tragic error" and urged states to enact laws to allow the procedure.

After the Supreme Court ruling, abortion access is expected to be cut off for about 36 million women of reproductive age, according to research from Planned Parenthood, a healthcare organisation that provides abortions.

Source: www.bbc.com

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27 June 2022

Iran tests Zuljanah satellite launcher for second time.

Iran has tested its Zuljanah satellite launcher for a second time for research purposes, according to state media.

Iranian media on Sunday 26 June 2022 quoted a defence ministry spokesman as saying the satellite vehicle was launched with a suborbital target, and that data gathered from the launch would inform a third planned launch.

State television aired footage of the launch, which appeared to proceed without trouble, but there was no confirmation whether it was successful.

The launch comes after weeks of speculation as satellite images had appeared to show that Iran was preparing for a launch at the Imam Khomeini Spaceport in the province of Semnan.

Source: www.aljazeera.com

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Micro-, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Day - 27 June.

Every year on June 27th, Micro-, Small and Medium-Sized Enterprises Day raises awareness for the important role different sized enterprises play in meeting the United Nation’s Sustainable Development Goals.

There are two classes of micro-, small and medium-sized enterprises. These classes include manufacturing enterprises and service enterprises. Businesses are further broken down according to how much money they invest in their manufacturing plant, machinery, and equipment. According to recent estimates, more than 95% of global enterprises are micro-, small and medium-sized. These companies account for 60% of private-sector employment. Additionally, these enterprises make up 50% of GDP.

In 2015, the UN General Assembly developed 17 global goals that they called Sustainable Development Goals. The purpose of the goals is to achieve a better and more sustainable future for all. The UN also hopes to achieve these goals by 2030.

Some of these sustainable goals include:

  • No poverty
  • Good health and well-being
  • Quality education
  • Gender equality
  • Clean water and sanitation
  • Decent work and economic growth
  • Industry, innovation and infrastructure
  • Sustainable cities and communities
  • Responsible consumption and production

On April 6, 2017, the UN General Assembly adopted a resolution to designate June 27th as Micro-, Small and Medium-sized Enterprises Day. The resolution was co-sponsored by 54 member states, representing over 5 billion people. The UN has appointed the International Trade Centre as the leading agency for this observance.

Source: www.un.org

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Russia in historic foreign debt defaul.

Russia has defaulted on its overseas debt for the first time in more than a century after missing a Sunday deadline, reports suggest.

Russia has the money to make a $100m payment and is willing to pay, but sanctions made it impossible to get the sum to international creditors.

The Kremlin had been determined to avoid the default, which is a major blow to the nation's prestige.

The Russian finance minister branded the situation "a farce".

The $100m interest payment was due on 27 May. Russia says the money was sent to Euroclear, a bank which would then distribute the payment to investors.

But that payment has been stuck there, according to Bloomberg News, and creditors have not received it.

Source: www.bbc.com

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Dhammika Perera sworn in as a minister.


Business magnate Dhammika Perera, who recently became a Member of Parliament, was sworn in as the Minister of Investment Promotion today (June 24).

He took oaths before President Gotabaya Rajapaksa this evening.

Perera’s name was proposed to the Election Commission to fill the National List parliamentary seat vacated by the resignation of former Finance Minister Basil Rajapaksa.

Accordingly, the election body gazetted his name on June 10, as a Member of Parliament from Sri Lanka Podujana Peramuna (SLPP).

Dhammika Perera also obtained the membership of SLPP from the party’s general secretary after officially submitting his consent to accept parliamentary membership.

He has stepped down from the board memberships of all his companies ahead of taking oaths as a Member of Parliament.

Source: www.adaderana.lk

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South Korea launches first satellite with homegrown rocket.

South Korea conducted its first successful satellite launch using a domestically developed rocket on Tuesday 21 June 2022, officials said, boosting its growing aerospace ambitions and demonstrating it has key technologies needed to launch spy satellites and build larger missiles amid tensions with rival North Korea.

The three-stage Nuri rocket placed a functioning “performance verification” satellite at a target altitude of 435 miles after its liftoff from South Korea’s space launch center on a southern island, the Science Ministry said.

The satellite transmitted signals about its status to an unmanned South Korean station in Antarctica. It is carrying four smaller satellites that will be released in coming days for Earth observation and other missions, ministry officials said.

In a video conference with scientists and others involved in the launch, President Yoon Suk Yeol congratulated them for their achievement and vowed to keep his campaign promise to establish a state aerospace agency, according to his office.

Source: www.nbcnews.com

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Indian President Ram Nath Kovind to retire on 24th July.

The term of Ram Nath Kovind ends on July 24, new President to be sworn in by July 25.

The process to elect the 16th President of India began recently after the Election Commission announced the schedule for the presidential election 2022. The term of the sitting President, Mr Ram Nath Kovind, ends on July 24, 2022, and the process of election for the new President must be complete before that so that the new President can be sworn in by July 25.

Source: www.deccanchronicle.com

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26 June 2022

International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking - 26 June.

Every year on June 26th, the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking raises awareness about drug abuse and the negative repercussions of illicit trafficking.

According to the most recent World Drug Report, 35 million people worldwide suffer from drug abuse disorders. The number of opioid users is 53 million. In 2017, about 585,000 people died from drug use. Opioids caused two-thirds of these deaths.

As drug abuse and illicit trafficking become more prevalent, this day becomes more important.

On June 26th, 1987, the International Conference on Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking adopted two important texts about drug abuse and illicit trafficking. The Conference recommended a day to observe the importance of the battle against drugs. They chose June 26th as the date commemorating the dismantling of the opium trade in Guangdong in 1839. Thus, the first official International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking was held on June 26th, 1989.

In this year, with the #CareInCrises campaign, UNODC is calling on governments, international organizations, civil society, and all stakeholders to take urgent action to protect people, including by strengthening drug use prevention and treatment, and by tackling illicit drug supply.

“Addressing drug challenges in health and humanitarian crises” is the theme for 2022’s celebration of the International Day against Drug Abuse and Illicit Trafficking.

Source: www.un.org

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International Day in Support of Victims of Torture - 26 June.

Every year on June 26th, the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture speaks out against the crime of torture. The day also honors and supports the victims and survivors of torture.

Torture occurs when someone intentionally inflicts pain on a person. The act is considered a crime against humanity. While international law prohibits the use of torture, many countries still use methods of torture. Some of the countries where torture is most common include:

  • Sri Lanka
  • Iran
  • Afghanistan
  • Eritrea
  • Democratic Republic of Congo
  • Sudan
  • Ethiopia
  • Iraq
  • Turkey
  • Syria

Survivors of torture often experience long-term psychological problems. Clinically, therapists define the resulting health issues as trauma, anxiety, and depression. However, some victims live in constant fear and have regular panic attacks and nightmares. Their symptoms may lead to a diagnosis of post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). Some victims of torture may even experience physical symptoms, such as chronic pain, headaches, and respiratory problems.

In 1948, the UN General Assembly adopted the Universal Declaration of Human Rights. As part of this declaration, the international community condemned torture and other inhumane treatment. In 1975, the UN adopted the Declaration on the Protection of All Persons from Being Subjected to Torture and Other Cruel, Inhumane, or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. Throughout the 1980s and 1990s, they made further progress in enforcing the prohibition of torture. In December of 1997, the General Assembly proclaimed June 26th as the International Day in Support of Victims of Torture.

2022 Theme: "Torture: a crime against humanity".

Source: www.un.org

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25 June 2022

Day of the Seafarer - 25 June

Every year on June 25th, the Day of the Seafarer recognizes the valuable contribution seafarers make to international trade and the world economy.

Seafarers regularly travel by sea and are commonly called sailors. Many seafarers work in the shipping industry and are responsible for about 90 percent of world trade. They transport food, fuel, raw materials, and manufactured goods by sea.

Other dangers seafarers face include traveling through war zones, pirates, and exposure to certain health conditions. Some countries force seafarers to go without basic rights, such as proper insurance and compensation for medical treatment.

In 2010, the Conference of Parties to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) adopted a resolution establishing the Day of the Seafarer. Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, hosted the conference. They observed the first official Day of the Seafarer on June 25th, 2011. The UN also recognizes the observance, and it is administered by the IMO.

For 2022, the campaign of the Day of the Seafarers, with the theme 'Your voyage - then and now, share your journey’, look at seafarer voyages, what it includes and how has it evolved over time and what remains at the heart of seafarers’ reality.

Source: www.imo.org

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World's largest freshwater fish found in Mekong, scientists say.

A 300kg (661lb) stingray caught in the Mekong river in Cambodia is the biggest freshwater fish ever documented, scientists say.

It unseated the previous record-holder, a 646lb (293kg) Mekong giant catfish caught in Thailand in 2005.

There is no official record-keeping or database of the world's biggest freshwater fish.

The Mekong is rich in biodiversity but overfishing, dams and pollution threaten its fragile ecosystem.

It flows from the Tibetan Plateau through China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Source: www.bbc.com

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Victoria State bans display of Nazi symbol in Australian first.

Victoria has become Australia's first state to specifically ban the display of the Nazi swastika.

Under a new law, people who intentionally exhibit the symbol face up to a year in jail or a A$22,000 (£12,300; $15,000) fine.

Victorian Premier Dan Andrews said "nobody has the right to spread racism, hate or anti-Semitism".

Like many places globally, Australia has seen a sharp rise in anti-Semitic incidents in recent times.

Victoria already has anti-hate speech laws - but they have been criticised for having "gaps".

A push for reform intensified in 2020 when a couple raised a swastika flag above their home, angering the local community.

Source: www.bbc.com

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24 June 2022

Sri Lanka Ranks 59th in Coursera’s Global Skills Report 2022.

As per the ‘Global Skills Report 2022’ released by Coursera, Sri Lanka has been ranked 59th overall globally. 

In 2022 report, they present data from the more than 100 million people who have used Coursera to learn new skills.2 We concentrate on three of the most important skill areas: business, technology, and data science.

The report reveals that, overall, Sri Lanka ranks 59th globally, with  rankings in each categories such as 33% in business, 56% in technology and 36% in data science. 

For the second year in a row, Switzerland had the highest-skilled learners followed by Denmark, Indonesia, and Belgium.

Source: www.coursera.org

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Droupadi Murmu is the BJP nominee for Indian president.

India's governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has named Droupadi Murmu, a tribal politician, as its candidate for the forthcoming presidential elections.

The 64-year-old former teacher, who comes from Odisha (Orissa) state, has spent decades with the BJP and had a stint as a state governor.

If elected, she would be the country's first tribal leader in the top post.

The president in India is the head of the state, but does not exercise executive powers.

He or she is elected by the members of both the houses of parliament and of the legislative assemblies of states and federally-administered union territories.

Analysts say the BJP has enough numbers to ensure its nominee's success.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said he is "confident" that she will make a "great president".

Source: www.bbc.com

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The 'lungs of humanity' which are under threat.

A giant slab of carbon-rich peat, discovered in central Africa, is under threat from uncontrolled development - posing a significant risk for future climate change, writes BBC Africa correspondent Andrew Harding.

After 10 hours by car, another 10 by river in a dugout canoe, three hours hacking a path with machetes through thick tropical undergrowth, then another two wading and clambering through a sweltering forest swamp, the scientists were finally ready to begin work.

Brushing away mud and mosquitos, they assembled a long, metal, corkscrew-like device, and thrust it deep into a patch of dark, water-logged earth.

Source: www.bbc.com

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Five planets align perfectly, visible until end of June.

Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn have lined up in a rare alignment that won't occur again until 2040, according to AccuWeather.

While it is common to view a couple of planets together at any given time, the alignment of five planets simultaneously is a rare phenomenon which last occurred in 1864 and won't occur again for almost 20 years.

The alignment is best viewed in the early morning around an hour before sunrise and will remain as is until the end of June.

Source: www.jpost.com

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23 June 2022

The Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise “Ex Khaan Quest -2022”.

The Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise “Ex Khaan Quest -2022” culminated on 20th June at the Peace Support Operations Training Centre in Ulaanbaatar at Mongolia.


The exercise conducted from 06 June to 20 June 2022 provided a platform for mutual learning and sharing best practices amongst the armies from 16 Nations.


A number of training activities were organised during the course of the exercise, which included mock tactical operations as per United Nations (UN) mandate, combat discussions, training of staff & command appointments; as part of a combined UN brigade, in order to enhance multinational interoperability.


The bonhomie, espirit-de-corps and goodwill generated during the exercise will go a long way in future strengthening of bonds between the Armies of participating Nations.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org

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According to the ILO, only six per cent of domestic workers have comprehensive social protection.

Only six per cent of domestic workers worldwide have access to comprehensive social protection, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO).

This leaves more than 94 per cent lacking access to the full range of protections, covering medical care, sickness, unemployment, old age, employment injury, family, maternity, invalidity and survivors’ benefits.

According to the report, Making the right to social security a reality for domestic workers: A global review of policy trends, statistics and extension strategies , about half of all domestic workers have no coverage at all, with the remaining half legally covered by at least one benefit.

The extension of effective coverage has lagged significantly behind that of legal coverage. Only one-in-five domestic workers are actually covered in practice because the vast majority are employed informally.

As 76.2 per cent of domestic workers (57.7 million people) are women, such social protection gaps leave women particularly vulnerable.

Source: www.ilo.org

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Mongolia’s Khuvsgul lake added to UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Khuvsul Lake National Park of Mangolia has been added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO. The decision was made during the 34th session of the International Co-ordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Programme taking place in Paris, France. Khuvsgul Lake is located in the northern Mongolian province of Khuvsgul near the Russian border, holding nearly 70 per cent of Mongolia’s fresh water, or 0.4 per cent of the world’s total.

About Khuvsgul Lake:

The Khuvsgul Lake is located in northern Mongolian province of Khuvsgul, near to Russian border. It holds 70 per cent of freshwater of Mongolia or accounts for 0.4 per cent of world’s total. The lake is 1,645 meters above sea level, 136 km long and 262 meters deep. A total of nine sites from Mongolia have so far been registered in the network, according to the ministry. It is the largest fresh water lake of Mongolia, by volume. In terms of area, it is the second largest lake in Mongolia. The lake is located at about 200 km west of Lake Baikal. It is nicknamed as “Younger sister” of two “sister lakes”. It freezes over completely in winter.

World Network of Biosphere Reserves:

The World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO covers internationally designated protected areas called as biosphere reserves. There reserves are meant to demonstrate a balanced relationship between nature and people. They are created under Man and the Biosphere Programme. It comprises of dynamic and interactive network of sites. It works to foster harmonious integration of people and nature to attain sustainable development by means of participatory dialogue, poverty reduction, knowledge sharing, human well-being improvements, and respect for cultural values.

Source: https://english.news.cn

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Sri Lanka revises Minimum Age for Migrant Domestic Workers.

Sri Lanka has decided to amend the Minimum Age for Migrant Domestic Workers to 21 years.

A document from the Department of Government Information said that the Cabinet of Ministers granted permission to revise the said age limit, after considering the recommendations of the Cabinet-appointed Sub-Committee.

The statement added that Sri Lankan women going overseas for employment as Domestic Aides have age limitations.

“For Saudi Arabia the minimum age is 25 years, and for other Middle Eastern Countries is 23 years, and for all other countries is it 21 years,” said the statement.

Accordingly, these limitations will be revised to 21 years.

In January 2011, the Cabinet of the Sri Lankan government approved a proposal to raise the minimum legal age of employment for migrant domestic workers from Sri Lanka, making it 21 rather than 18.

The standard was suggested by the then-Minister of Foreign Employment Promotion and Welfare, Dilan Perera, to deal with the problem of young migrant workers being abused and exploited abroad.

In many of the countries to which Sri Lankans migrate to take domestic service jobs there is no minimum legal age limit for employment of female workers; young women are considered especially likely to be abused by their employers.

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International Women in Engineering Day - 23 June.

On June 23rd each year, International Women in Engineering Day highlights a profession that keeps on building. And when it comes to engineering, the profession fills roles across many sectors.

Numerous fields require engineering specialties. Careers abound in architectural, aerospace, marine, electrical, and computer engineering. However, many more areas enlist engineering expertise. And the demand is growing every year, too. Despite that, women only fill a fraction of these positions. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, just under 13% of the engineers in the U.S. are women. Australia’s numbers are similar, too. However, in the UK the number dips to 9%.

Campaigns around the globe spotlight the need for more women in the engineering workforce. Not only does it encourage women to enter engineering fields, but it spotlights the need for a diverse workforce. The day also celebrates the women engineers in the workforce. As role models, they are distinctly qualified to encourage more women to join the field.

In 2014, the Women’s Engineering Society launched National Women in Engineering Day in the United Kingdom. Over the years, the observance grew to a global event and in 2017, the day became international.

Source: www.inwed.org.

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United Nations Public Service Day - 23 June.

Every year on June 23rd, the United Nations Public Service Day celebrates the value and virtue of public service to the community. Also, on this day, the prestigious UN Public Service Awards are given.

Public service is defined as a service intended for all members of the community. There are many areas of public service.

  • The public sector
  • Public safety
  • Education
  • Government and diplomacy
  • Nonprofit administration

People choose to work or engage in public service for a variety of reasons. Some do it because they want to further the good of the public. For example, a lawyer might provide low-cost or free services for the public good. Other people work in public service to gain valuable work experience or for mentoring and networking opportunities.

The United Nations has long recognized the roles public service workers perform in their communities. For this reason, they established the UN Public Service Awards. The awards promote and reward innovation and excellence in public services.

The winners of these awards are divided into five regional groups. These groups include Africa, Asia-Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin American and the Caribbean, and Western Asia. More than 250 initiatives have received the prestigious award. These projects have ranged from promoting gender equality to improving health services.

In 2003, the UN General Assembly designated June 23rd as United Nations Public Service Day. Also in 2003, the UN launched the UN Public Service Awards. The UN chose the date of June 23rd to mark the anniversary of the Convention on Labor Relations. The International Labor Organization had adopted this Convention in 1978.

Theme 2022: "Building back better from COVID-19. Enhancing innovative partnerships to meet the Sustainable Development Goal".

Taking its lead from the 2022 theme of the United Nations High-level Political Forum (HLPF), the main body for reviewing implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, the 2022 UN Public Service Day commemoration, celebrated this year on 22 June, will focus on the role of public institutions and public servants in building back better from COVID-19 as they work to meet the 2030 deadline for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Source: www.un.org

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International Olympic Day - 23 June.

The International Olympic Day marks the inception of the modern Olympic Games in Greece on June 23, 1894.

Since 1948, the Olympic Day has been celebrated every year on June 23. The day marks the inception of the modern Olympic Games in Greece on June 23, 1894. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was officially formed on the same day.

This year, the theme for the International Olympic Day is “Together For A Peaceful World.” The theme represents the ability of sports to bring the world together and dimmish the differences.

At the 41st session of the International Olympic Committee in Stockholm, a member of the IOC named Doctor Gruss, submitted a report suggesting the celebration of Olympic Day. The idea propagating the event was to increase awareness and participation in the international games.

Submitted in 1947, the report was discussed and the suggestions were finally implemented in 1948 at the 42nd IOC session in St Moritz. The day was decided as June 23 to commemorate the founding of the International Olympic Committee at Sorbonne, Paris in 1894.

Under the leadership of Sigfrid Edstrom, who was the president of the IOC at that time, the first International Olympic Day was celebrated on June 23, 1948.

Source: https://olympics.com

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International Widows’ Day - 23 June.

Every year on June 23rd, International Widows’ Day gives special recognition to the situation of widows of all ages across the globe.

The situation for widows is especially dire in developing countries. Some of the problems widows face in these countries include poverty, violence, social stigmatization, and health issues. According to recent statistics, there are about 258 million widows in the world. Nearly one in 10 widows live in extreme poverty. This is because many widows don’t have access to credit or other economic resources, including work.

Widows in developing countries also face high instances of violence. This violence is especially prevalent in Africa and Asia. In these countries, widows are often victims of physical and mental violence. Widows are also forced to engage in life-threatening practices that are part of their husband’s burial rites. 

The Loomba Foundation established International Widows Day in 2005. They chose the date June 23rd, as it was the date that the mother of the foundation’s founder, Lord Loomba, became a widow. In December 2010, the UN General Assembly formally adopted June 23rd as International Widows’ Day. The first official UN International Widows Day was held on June 23rd, 2011.

Theme 2022: "Invisible Women, Invisible Problems". The theme tends to highlight the fact that for many societies a woman’s identity is attached to her partner and after his death, the problems faced by her are ignored by policymakers who don’t give any special attention to the widowed woman.

Source: www.un.org


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22 June 2022

Ruth Ozeki wins U.K. Women's Prize for Fiction.

Ruth Ozeki has won the 2022 Women’s Prize for Fiction for her novel "The Book of Form and Emptiness" (Penguin), about a thirteen-year-old boy who, after the tragic death of his father, starts to hear the voices of objects speaking to him.

The prize, now in its 27th year, is given for "outstanding, ambitious, original fiction written in English by women from anywhere in the world." It was announced at an awards ceremony in Bedford Square Gardens, central London, on June 15, hosted by novelist, playwright and Women’s Prize Founder Director Kate Mosse.

Ozeki received a £30,000 ($36,500) prize, endowed by an anonymous donor, and the "Bessie," a limited-edition bronze figurine by Grizel Niven.

Source: www.theguardian.com

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Japan to attend NATO summit for first time.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has said he will attend this month’s NATO summit in Madrid, becoming the country’s first leader to join a top meeting of the transatlantic group.

The announcement comes ahead of a June 28-30 gathering of the military alliance that is seen as a crunch moment for its 30 members, four months into Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Sweden and Finland, which have applied to join NATO, are sending delegations to the summit, and South Korea’s new President Yoon Suk-yeol will also be the first leader from his country to attend.

Japan, a key United States ally and not a NATO member, has delivered defensive supplies to Ukraine and imposed tough sanctions on Russia in tandem with the other Group of Seven (G7) countries.

Source: www.aljazeera.com

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Red Bull’s Max Verstappen wins Canadian Grand Prix - 2022.

Red Bull’s Max Verstappen narrowly claimed his sixth victory of the Formula 1 season after withstanding pressure from Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz in the closing stages of the Canadian Grand Prix. For the second time this season, Verstappen’s teammate Sergio Perez was forced to retire from the race due to engine problems, while Mercedes’ Lewis Hamilton grabbed his second podium this campaign in third.

Hamilton’s teammate George Russell kept up his own personal streak of finishing in the top five of every race so far this season by claiming P4, while Charles Leclerc put together a strong performance to come home in P5 despite starting from the back of the grid.

Source: www.bbc.com

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China launches third Aircraft Carrier.

China launched its third aircraft carrier on Friday, as the United States wrapped up its Valiant Shield 2022 exercise.

On Friday morning, China launched its third aircraft carrier, named Fujian (18), carrying hull number 18, at Jiangnan Shipyard of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation in Shanghai, reported the People’s Liberation Army’s official media channel, China Military Online.

The 80,000-ton carrier is China’s first flat deck carrier and uses Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS)-powered catapults to launch its aircraft, in contrast to the ski jump of its other two carriers. The EMALS system can launch heavier aircraft, such as the J-35 fighter and airborne early warning aircraft, to operate off its flight deck.

Fujian is named after the closest Chinese province to Taiwan, which lies east of the province and is separated by the Taiwan Strait. China has been steadily building its carrier capabilities, with carrier CNS Liaoning (16) conducting an extensive training period in May that lasted more than two weeks in the Pacific Ocean. Fujian, once fully operational, with its greater capacity and capabilities, will further enhance the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) power capabilities and allow the PLAN to field a total of three carrier strike groups, matching the normal two to three U.S. CSG presence in the Asia Pacific. The PLAN is expected to build additional carriers for service as well.

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