31 March 2020

Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics: New dates confirmed for 2021.

Tokyo Olympics and Paralympics: New dates confirmed for 2021.

The Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 have been postponed by one year and will be held from 23 July to 8 August, 2021. The Olympic Games Tokyo 2020 were earlier scheduled to be held from 24 July to 9 August 2020. The decision to postpone the 32nd edition of the tournament was taken by the International Olympic Committee (IOC) along with the Tokyo 2020 Organising Committee, the Tokyo Metropolitan Government and the Government of Japan. The decision has been taken by the IOC amid the naval pandemic.


The International Paralympic Committee (IPC) has decided to reschedule the Paralympic Games. The Paralympic Games will be held from 24 August to 5th September 2021. The Paralympic Games were earlier scheduled to be held from 25th August to 6th September 2020.

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30 March 2020

Joseph Lowery: Veteran US civil rights leader dies aged 98.

# Joseph Lowery: Veteran US civil rights leader dies aged 98.

Joseph Lowery, a veteran US civil rights leader and former "dear friend" of Martin Luther King Jr, has died aged 98.

Rev Lowery was a founding member of the Christian Leadership Conference, an African - American Civil Rights Organisation set up to promote racial equality, where he worked alongside Dr. Martin Luther King.

Source - nytimespost.com
He spoke at the funeral of Dr. King's wife, Coretta, and at President Barack Obama's inauguration in 2009.

Months later, Mr. Obama awarded him the "Presidential Medal of Freedom", the nation's highest civilian honour.


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Musk's SpaceX wins NASA award to supply planned lunar space station.

# Musk's SpaceX wins NASA award to supply planned lunar space station.

NASA on Friday picked a new space capsule from Elon Musk’s SpaceX to ferry cargo and supplies to the agency’s planned lunar space station, a crucial building block to its plans to build a permanent post on the moon and mount future missions to Mars.

SpaceX will get a portion of a $7 billion NASA contract to use its biggest rocket, Falcon Heavy, to send a new “Dragon XL” spacecraft to the Lunar Gateway, an outpost NASA plans to build that will orbit the moon sometime within the next decade.


Source - www.reuters.com

The Dragon XL spacecraft, the latest variant in Musk’s lineup of so-called Dragon cargo and astronaut capsules, will carry research supplies that will help future astronauts on the surface of the moon collect lunar samples, a NASA announcement said. 

The Dragon variant, which would be docked at the orbital station for six to 12 months per mission, is “optimized to carry more than 5 metric tons of cargo to Gateway in lunar orbit,” SpaceX said in a tweet. 

The financial value of the award was not given. But it signals a key development in the U.S. space agency’s Artemis program to return to the moon - unveiled by Vice President Mike Pence a year ago this week — and deals a win for Musk’s space company as it works to launch its debut manned mission to space this summer.


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29 March 2020

Earth Hour observed on March 28.

# Earth Hour observed on March 28.


For a brief period in the night on 28 March, people around the world switched off lights from 8.30 p.m. to 9.30 p.m. it's due to Earth Hour.

Earth Hour is an annual tradition in which people switch off their lights to spread awareness about sustainability and climate change. Started by the World Wildlife Fund, it has taken place on March 28, 2020, from 8:30 p.m. to 9:30 p.m. local time.



The symbolic effort started in 2007 in Sydney, Australia, when the WWF encouraged 2.2 million people to turn off their lights for one hour to support action on climate change.
Since then, millions of people around the world have taken part. Landmarks such as the Eiffel Tower, Big Ben, Sydney Opera House, the Empire State Building, Buckingham Palace, the Colosseum and Edinburgh Castle also have gone dark for an hour.

It's purpose is to bring together people who share one common goal: an eco-friendly future.

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28 March 2020

World Entered Recession:IMF

# World Entered Recession:IMF


International Monetary Fund, IMF, has said that the world is in the face of a devastating impact due to the naval pandemic and has clearly entered a recession.

Source - ddnews.gov.in

However, it projected a recovery next year.Managing Director Kristalina Georgieva said that IMF has reassessed the prospects for growth for 2020 and 2021.

It said that the current recession is as bad or worse than in 2009. She said that the recovery in 2021 will only be possible if the international community succeeds in containing the virus everywhere and prevent liquidity problems from becoming a solvency issue.

Stressing that while containment is the main reason for the economy to stand still and get into a recession, Georgieva said containment is very necessary to come out of this period and step in to recovery.

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27 March 2020

US launches advanced satellite in 1st Space Force national security mission

# US launches advanced satellite in 1st Space Force national security mission

The United States Space Force has launched an Advanced Extremely High-Frequency satellite (AEHF-6) for its military communications. With the launch of the satellite, the United States has begun its first National Security Mission.

Source - in.mashable.com
The Lock Heed Martin AEHF-6 (Advanced Extremely High Frequency) satellite was launched on the Atlas V551 rocket from Cape Canaveral, Florida. The satellite is to provide global protected communications. This will enhance tactical operating warfare skills of the US on ground, aerial and maritime platform.

The US Space Force is the sixth service of the country. The first five major services of Defence includes Army, Air Force, Navy, Naval Corps and Coast Guard. The Space Force was recently set up by President Trump to identify and develop new space defence technologies. The Space Force is to prove US dominance in the Space among other force that is quietly establishing their powers in Space. This includes China and Russia.

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World Theater Day: 27 March

# World Theater Day: 27 March

World Theatre Day was created in 1961 by the International Theatre Institute (ITI). It is celebrated annually on the 27th March by ITI Centres and the international theatre community. Various national and international theatre events are organized to mark this occasion. One of the most important of these is the circulation of the World Theatre Day International Message through which at the invitation of ITI, a figure of world stature shares his or her reflections on the theme of Theatre and a Culture of Peace. The first World Theatre Day International Message was written by Jean Cocteau (France) in 1962.

Source - www.iti-worldwide.org
It was first in Helsinki, and then in Vienna at the 9th World Congress of the ITI in June 1961 that President Arvi Kivimaa proposed on behalf of the Finnish Centre of the International Theatre Institute that a World Theatre Day be instituted. The proposal, backed by the Scandinavian centres, was carried with acclamation.
Ever since, each year on the 27th March (date of the opening of the 1962 "Theatre of Nations" season in Paris), World Theatre Day has been celebrated in many and varied ways by ITI National Centres of which there are now almost 100 throughout the world.

Each year a figure outstanding in theatre or a person outstanding in heart and spirit from another field, is invited to share his or her reflections on theatre and international harmony. What is known as the International Message is translated into more than 20 languages, read for tens of thousands of spectators before performances in theatres throughout the world and printed in hundreds of daily newspapers.

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Bangladesh Independence Day: 26 March

# Bangladesh Independence Day: 26 March

The Independence Day of Bangladesh, also referred to as 26 March, is a national holiday. It commemorates the country's declaration of independence from Pakistan in the late hours of 25 March 1971 by the "Father of the Nation" Bongobondhu Sheikh Mujibur Rahman before he was arrested by Pakistani forces.
The day is a memorial to the deaths of thousands of civilians who died in the Bangladesh Liberation War.
Independence Day is commonly associated with parades, political speeches, fairs, concerts, and ceremonies, and various other public and private events celebrating the history, and traditions of Bangladesh. TV and radio stations broadcast special programs and patriotic songs in honor of Independence Day. Generally, a thirty-one gun salute is conducted in the morning. The main streets are decorated with national flags. Different political parties and socioeconomic organizations undertake programs to mark the day in a befitting manner, including the paying of respects at Jatiyo Smriti Soudho, the national memorial at Savar near Dhaka.


History
On 26 March 1971 the independence of Bangladesh was declared and the Liberation War began. The people of then-East Pakistan took part in this war to liberate Bangladesh from the oppression of military leaders of Pakistan. Independence for Bangladesh was gained through a nine-month civil war against the Pakistani Army, which resulted in the loss of about 3 million lives. The Mukti Bahini (Bengali "freedom fighters"), with military support from India, defeated the Pakistani Army on 16 December in the same year, which is celebrated as Victory Day.

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26 March 2020

2020 Abel Prize to Furstenberg and Margulis

# 2020 Abel Prize to Furstenberg and Margulis

Source - www.abelprize.no

The Norwegian Academy of Science and Letters has decided to award the Abel Prize for 2020 to Hillel Furstenberg, Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel​ and Gregory Margulis, Yale University, New Haven, CT, USA, “for pioneering the use of methods from probability and dynamics in group theory, number theory and combinatorics”.
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Index of Economic Freedom 2020.

# Index of Economic Freedom 2020.

For much of human history, most individuals have lacked economic freedom and opportunity, condemning them to poverty and deprivation.

Today, we live in the most prosperous time in human history. Poverty, sicknesses, and ignorance are receding throughout the world, due in large part to the advance of economic freedom. In 2020, the principles of economic freedom that have fueled this monumental progress are once again measured in the Index of Economic Freedom, an annual guide published by The Heritage Foundation, Washington's No. 1 think tank.


Few Economic Freedom Index 2020 are;

1). Singapore (Best)
2). Hong Kong
3). New Zealand
112). Sri Lanka
171). Timor- leste (Worst)


The 2020 Index — the 26th edition—includes:

  • Updated economic freedom scores and macroeconomic data for 186 economies.
  • Easy-to-read cross-country comparisons that highlight why economic freedom matters.
  • Online tools like customized comparison charts and an interactive heat map.
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Veteran actress Nimmi dies at 88 in Mumbai.

# Veteran actress Nimmi dies at 88 in Mumbai.

Veteran actress Nimmi passed away at her Mumbai home on Wednesday 25.03.2020 evening. She was 88 years old and had been in and out of hospital for quite some time, her niece told a daily.

Source - indianexpress.com
The actress, who appeared in films through 1950s and 60s, was born as Nawab Banoo. Raj Kapoor gave her her screen name: Nimmi.

Nimmi first lit up the screen in the film Barsaat, in 1949. Her portrayal of an innocent mountain girl struck a chord with the audience and catapulted her to fame.

Over the next years, Nimmi worked with Raj Kapoor, Dev Anand and Dilip Kumar. In 1952, Nimmi starred in Mehboob Khan's big-budget film Aan, alongside Dilip Kumar, Prem Nath and Nadira.

Some of Nimmi's memorable movies included Mehboob Khan's Aan (1952), Daag (1952), Amar (1954), Uran Khatola (1955), Basant Bahar (1956) and Mere Mehboob (1963).

Nimmi was married to writer Ali Raza, who passed away in 2007.

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25 March 2020

Novelist Ruchika Tomar Wins 2020 PEN/Hemingway Award for Her Debut Novel ‘A PRAYER FOR TRAVELERS’

# Novelist Ruchika Tomar Wins 2020 PEN/Hemingway Award for Her Debut Novel ‘A PRAYER FOR TRAVELERS’

Critically-acclaimed debut novelist Ruchika Tomar is the winner of the 2020 PEN/Hemingway Award for Debut Novel, for A Prayer for Travelers (Riverhead), PEN America announced today. 


Source - www.cbc.ca
Honoring a distinguished first novel, the PEN/Hemingway Award includes a $25,000 prize intended to allow significant time and resources with which to pursue a subsequent work of fiction. The prize is underwritten by the Hemingway family and the Ernest Hemingway Foundation. Tomar will also receive a month-long Residency Fellowship at the Ucross Foundation in Wyoming, a retreat for artists and writers, valued at $10,000. 

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US & UAE troops launch major exercise "Native Fury"

# US & UAE troops launch major exercise "Native Fury"

US Marines and UAE Emirati forces conducted the biennial exercise, named Native Fury at Abu Dhabi. The biennial exercise, called Native Fury, shows the close ties between American forces and the United Arab Emirates, a federation of seven sheikhdoms on the Arabian Peninsula home to Abu Dhabi.

Source - www.military.com

Both forces saw seize a sprawling model Middle Eastern city, a drill conducted amid tensions with Iran and despite the new coronavirus pandemic.
The exercise saw 4,000 U.S. troops from the Army, Marines and Navy position armored vehicles and other equipment from Kuwait and the island of Diego Garcia in al-Hamra using a portable pier system. The barren desert, some 200 kilometers (125 miles) southwest of Abu Dhabi, is home to the UAE's vast oil reserves as well as its new Barakah nuclear power plant.

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International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims: 24 March

# International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims: 24 March

Each year, on 24 March, the International Day for the Right to the Truth Concerning Gross Human Rights Violations and for the Dignity of Victims is observed.

This annual observance pays tribute to the memory of Monsignor Óscar Arnulfo Romero, who was murdered on 24 March 1980. Monsignor Romero was actively engaged in denouncing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable individuals in El Salvador.

Source - www.filcatholic.org
The purpose of the Day is to:
  • Honour the memory of victims of gross and systematic human rights violations and promote the importance of the right to truth and justice;
  • Pay tribute to those who have devoted their lives to, and lost their lives in, the struggle to promote and protect human rights for all;
  • Recognize, in particular, the important work and values of Archbishop Oscar Arnulfo Romero, of El Salvador, who was assasinated on 24 March 1980, after denouncing violations of the human rights of the most vulnerable populations and defending the principles of protecting lives, promoting human dignity and opposition to all forms of violence.

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International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade: 25 March

# International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade: 25 March

The transatlantic slave trade was the largest forced migration in history, and undeniably one of the most inhumane. The extensive exodus of Africans spread to many areas of the world over a 400-year period and was unprecedented in the annals of recorded human history.
As a direct result of the transatlantic slave trade, the greatest movement of Africans was to the Americas — with 96 per cent of the captives from the African coasts arriving on cramped slave ships at ports in South America and the Caribbean Islands.

From 1501 to 1830, four Africans crossed the Atlantic for every one European, making the demographics of the Americas in that era more of an extension of the African diaspora than a European one. The legacy of this migration is still evident today, with large populations of people of African descent living throughout the Americas.

Source - www.chezvlane.com

In commemoration of the memory of the victims, the General Assembly, in its resolution 62/122 of 17 December 2007, declared 25 March the International Day of Remembrance of the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade, to be observed annually.

The resolution also called for the establishment of an outreach programme to mobilize educational institutions, civil society and other organizations to inculcate in future generations the "causes, consequences and lessons of the transatlantic slave trade, and to communicate the dangers of racism and prejudice."

Every year on 25 March, the International Day of Remembrance for the Victims of Slavery and the Transatlantic Slave Trade offers the opportunity to honour and remember those who suffered and died at the hands of the brutal slavery system. The International Day also aims at raising awareness about the dangers of racism and prejudice today.

2020 Theme: “Confronting Slavery’s Legacy of Racism Together”

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International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members: 25 March

# International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members: 25 March

The International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members is marked each year on the anniversary of the abduction of Alec Collett, a former journalist who was working for the United Nations Relief and Works Agency for Palestine Refugees in the Near East (UNRWA) when he was abducted by armed gunman in 1985. His body was finally found in Lebanon’s Bekaa Valley in 2009.

Source - keepincalendar.com

The International Day of Solidarity with Detained and Missing Staff Members has taken on even greater importance in recent years, as attacks against the United Nations intensify. This is a day to mobilize action, demand justice and strengthen our resolve to protect UN staff and peacekeepers, as well as our colleagues in the non-governmental community and the press.

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Tokyo 2020: Olympic and Paralympic Games postponed because of naval pandemic.

# Tokyo 2020: Olympic and Paralympic Games postponed because of naval pandemic.

The Tokyo 2020 Olympic and Paralympic Games have been postponed until next year because of the worldwide naval pandemic.


The event, due to begin on 24 July, will now take place "no later than summer 2021".

The International Olympic Committee and Tokyo Olympic organizers agreed to move the Tokyo Games to 2021. Japan’s Prime Minister Shinzo Abe and the head of the International Olympic Committee agreed to postpone the Tokyo 2020 Games by a year in an extraordinary move, unprecedented in peacetime, as the world battles the naval pandemic.

It will mark the first time in history that the start of an Olympics will be delayed to another year. The Opening Ceremony will not be held on July 24 as scheduled, but on an undetermined 2021 date, due to the naval pandemic. 

In the present circumstances and based on the information provided by the WHO, the IOC President and the Prime Minister of Japan have concluded that the Games of the XXXII Olympiad in Tokyo must be rescheduled to a date beyond 2020 but not later than summer 2021, to safeguard the health of the athletes, everybody involved in the Olympic Games and the international community.

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Albert Uderzo: Asterix co-creator and illustrator dies aged 92

# Albert Uderzo: Asterix co-creator and illustrator dies aged 92

Albert Uderzo, who drew the Asterix comic books, has died at the age of 92.

Source - BBC News

He created the famous stories - about the adventures of Gaulish warriors fighting the Roman Empire - with his friend René Goscinny in 1959. As well as illustrating the series, Urderzo took over the writing following Goscinny's death in 1977.

The books have sold 370 million copies worldwide, in dozens of languages, and several stories have been turned into cartoons and feature films.

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24 March 2020

Scientists just discovered a massive new vulnerability in the Antarctic ice sheet

# Scientists just discovered a massive new vulnerability in the Antarctic ice sheet

Denman Glacier is retreating into the deepest undersea valley in all of Antarctica. Nearly 5 feet of sea level rise are at stake.

Scientists have found a new point of major vulnerability in the Antarctic ice sheet, in a region that already appears to be changing as the climate warms and has the potential to raise sea levels by nearly five feet over the long term.

Source - www.bbc.com / NASA

Denman glacier, in East Antarctica, is a 12-mile-wide stream of ice that flows over the deepest undersea canyon in the entire ice sheet before spilling out into the ocean. That subsea trough is more than 2 miles deep, or double the average depth of the Grand Canyon. While there are far deeper trenches in the open ocean, such as the Marianas Trench, in this case the extreme undersea topography lies right on the outer fringe of the Antarctic continent — making it the “deepest continental point on Earth.”

Source - www.washingtonpost.com / NASA
That deep canyon is a potential pathway for the ocean to infiltrate deep into Antarctica’s center — posing a threat of significant sea level rise.

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World Tuberculosis Day: 24 March

# World Tuberculosis Day: 24 March

World Tuberculosis Day, falling on March 24 each year, is designed to build public awareness about the global epidemic of tuberculosis and efforts to eliminate the disease. Today tuberculosis causes the deaths of about 1.7 million people each year, mostly in the Third World.

The theme of World TB Day 2020 - ‘It’s time’ 


Source - www.pulmonologyadvisor.com
March 24 commemorates the day in 1882 when Dr Robert Koch astounded the scientific community by announcing that he had discovered the cause of tuberculosis, the TB bacillus. At the time of Koch's announcement in Berlin, TB was raging through Europe and the Americas, causing the death of one out of every seven people. Koch's discovery opened the way toward diagnosing and curing tuberculosis.
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23 March 2020

Satyarup Siddhanta becomes first Indian to complete volcanic Seven Summit, enters 'Limca Book of Records'

# Satyarup Siddhanta becomes first Indian to complete volcanic Seven Summit, enters 'Limca Book of Records'

Indian mountaineer Satyarup Siddhanta entered ‘Limca Book of Records’ (LBR) for his extraordinary achievements, as the first Indian to climb the highest volcanoes of each of the 7 continents. He also holds the record as the youngest mountaineer in the world to climb both 7 peaks and 7 volcanic summits. 

Source - www.indiatoday.in

These 7 continents summits are:

1. Ojos del Salado (6,893 m) in Chile
2. South America, Mount Kilimanjaro (5,895 m) in Tanzania, Africa
3. Mount Elbrus (5,642 m) in Russia, Europe
4. Mount Pico de Orizaba (5,636 m) in Mexico, North America
5. Mount Damavand (5,610 m) in Iran, Asia
6. Mount Giluwe (4,367 m) in Papua New Guinea, Australia
7. Mount Sidley (4,285 m) in Antarctica.
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World Meteorological Day: 23 March

# World Meteorological Day: 23 March

World Meteorological Day takes place every year on 23 March and commemorates the coming into force on 23 March 1950 of the Convention establishing the World Meteorological Organization. This organization announces a slogan for World Meteorology Day every year, and this day is celebrated in all member countries. The day also underlines the efforts of National Meteorological and Hydrological Services for the safety and wellness of society. The day was first observed in 1961.

Source - keepincalendar.com
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International Nowruz Day: 21 March

# International Nowruz Day: 21 March 

International Nowruz Day is being celebrated globally on 21 March every year. International Nowruz Day is being observed to celebrate “Nowruz” which is an ancestral festivity and marks the first day of spring as well as the renewal of nature. It also encourages values of peace and solidarity among generations and within families hence contributing to cultural diversity and friendship among peoples as well as in different communities.

Source - keepincalendar.com
Nowruz marks the first day of spring which has been celebrated on the occasion of the astronomical vernal equinox that generally occurs on 21 March. It is celebrated by more than 300 million people all around the world as the beginning of the new year and is being celebrated for over 3,000 years in the Balkans, the Black Sea Basin, the Caucasus, Central Asia, the Middle East and other regions.
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NASA Spots 4 Asteroids Headed For Earth This Weekend

# NASA Spots 4 Asteroids Headed For Earth This Weekend

NASA’s automated asteroid tracking system has detected four near-Earth objects that are expected to approach the planet this weekend. According to the agency, the biggest asteroid in the group is about as big as the Leaning Tower of Pisa in Italy.
Asteroid
Source - www.ibtimes.com
The first asteroid that will approach Earth this weekend has been identified by NASA’s Center for Near-Earth Object Studies (CNEOS) as 2020 FK. As indicated in CNEOS’ database, this asteroid has an estimated diameter of about 43 feet, which makes it the smallest in the group.
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Oldest Bird Fossil discovered, nicknamed 'wonderchicken'

# Oldest Bird Fossil discovered, nicknamed 'wonderchicken'

The oldest fossil of a modern bird, dating from the age of dinosaurs, has been discovered, a new study reports.
The tiny fossil, nicknamed the "wonderchicken," includes a nearly complete skull hidden inside nondescript pieces of rock, and dates to more than 66 million years ago. 
That's less than 1 million years before the asteroid impact that killed off all the large dinosaurs.
An artist's reconstruction of the world's oldest modern bird, Asteriornis maastrichtensis, in its original environment.
Source - www.usatoday.com
"This is one of the best-preserved fossil bird skulls of any age, from anywhere in the world," he said. "We almost had to pinch ourselves when we saw it, knowing that it was from such an important time in Earth's history."
The seagull-size shorebird had features of both ducks and chickens as well as turkeys. Detailed analysis of the skull shows that it combines many features common to modern chicken- and duck-like birds, suggesting that the "wonderchicken" could be the last common ancestor of modern chickens and ducks.
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American Music Legend Kenny Rogers Dies At 81

# American Music Legend Kenny Rogers Dies At 81

Country music icon Kenny Rogers, whose hits included "Lucille," "Lady" and "The Gambler," died late Friday 20.03.2020 at his home in Sandy Springs, Ga.
Source - us.blastingnews.com
He was 81.The Houston-born country star had 20 No.-1 hits and three Grammys and performed for some 60 years before retiring from touring in 2017 at age 79.
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World Puppetry Day: March 21.

# World Puppetry Day: March 21.

World Puppetry Day is observed on March 21, 2021. The idea came from the puppet theater Dzhivada Zolfagariho from Iran.

Source - keepincalendar.com
In 2000 at the XVIII Congress of the Union Internationale de la Marionnette, (UNIMA) in Magdeburg, he made the proposal for discussion. Two years later, at a meeting of the International Council of UNIMA in June 2002 in Atlanta, the date of the celebration was identified. 
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22 March 2020

GK PLUS CA UPDATES - 22.03.2020

# World Water Day: March 22. 

World Water Day, observed globally on 22 March every year since 1993, focuses on the importance of freshwater. World Water Day celebrates water and raises awareness of the 2.2 billion people living without access to safe water. It is about taking action to tackle the global water crisis. A core focus of World Water Day is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6:  water and sanitation for all by 2030.

World Water Day 2020 theme is about “water and climate change

Source - keepincalendar.com
The idea for this international day goes back to 1992, the year in which the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro took place. That same year, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
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World Water Day: March 22.

# World Water Day: March 22.

World Water Day, observed globally on 22 March every year since 1993, focuses on the importance of freshwater. World Water Day celebrates water and raises awareness of the 2.2 billion people living without access to safe water. It is about taking action to tackle the global water crisis. A core focus of World Water Day is to support the achievement of Sustainable Development Goal 6:  water and sanitation for all by 2030.

World Water Day 2020 theme is about “water and climate change

Source - keepincalendar.com
The idea for this international day goes back to 1992, the year in which the United Nations Conference on Environment and Development in Rio de Janeiro took place. That same year, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution by which 22 March of each year was declared World Day for Water, to be observed starting in 1993.
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21 March 2020

International Day of Forests: March 21

# International Day of Forests: March 21

International Day of Forests is celebrated every year on 21 March. The day is being celebrated to raise awareness of the importance of all types of forests. On this day, countries are encouraged to undertake local, national and international efforts to organize activities involving forests and trees. These activities includes tree planting campaigns.
Every year, a theme is decided by the by the Collaborative Partnership on Forests. The theme for International Day of Forests 2020: Forests and Biodiversity.
Source - www.fresherslive.com
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World Poetry Day: 21 March

# World Poetry Day21 March

World Poetry Day is a time to appreciate and support poets and poetry around the world. It is held on March 21 each year and is an initiative of the United Nations Educational, Scientific, and Cultural Organization (UNESCO). World Poetry Day, held annually on March 21, is dedicated to poetry worldwide.

Source - keepincalendar.com

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UN releases World Happiness Report 2020

# UN releases World Happiness Report 2020

Image result for World Happiness Report 2020
Source - worldhappiness.report

The United Nations has released World Happiness Report 2020. The World Happiness Report ranks 156 countries by how happy their citizens perceive themselves to be. The report is a landmark survey of the state of global happiness. This is the 8th edition of the World Happiness Report. The special focus of World Happiness Report 2020 was on “environments for happiness” which emphasizes more specifically on social environments for happiness, as reflected by the quality of personal social connections and social institutions.
  • GDP per capita
  • Social support
  • Healthy life expectancy
  • Freedom to make life choices
  • Generosity
  • Perceptions of corruption

The World Happiness Report 2020 covers the period of 2017-2019 and analyses the countries on above 6 variables:

Ranking of countries as per World Happiness Report 2020:

1. Finland
2. Denmark
3. Switzerland
4. Iceland
5. Norway
6. Netherlands
7. Sweden
8. New Zealand
9. Austria
10. Luxembourg
11. Canada
12. Australia
13. United Kingdom
14. Israel
15. Costa Rica
16. Ireland
17. Germany
18. United States
19. Czech Republic
20. Belgium


130.Sri Lanka
153.Afganistan (Worst)
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World Down Syndrome Day observed on 21 March

# World Down Syndrome Day observed on 21 March

In December 2011, the General Assembly declared 21 March as World Down Syndrome Day. The General Assembly decided, with effect from 2012, to observe World Down Syndrome Day on 21 March each year. In order to raise public awareness of Down syndrome, the General Assembly invites all Member States, relevant organizations of the United Nations system and other international organizations, as well as civil society, including non-governmental organizations and the private sector, to observe World Down Syndrome Day in an appropriate manner.
For World Down Syndrome Day 2020, Down Syndrome International focuses on the theme "We Decide"

Source - keepincalendar.com
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International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination: March 21.

# International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination: March 21.

The International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination is observed annually on 21 March. On that day, in 1960, police opened fire and killed 69 people at a peaceful demonstration in Sharpeville, South Africa, against the apartheid “pass laws”. Proclaiming the day in 1966, the United Nations General Assembly called on the international community to redouble its efforts to eliminate all forms of racial discrimination. International Day for the Elimination of Racial Discrimination 2020 is focused on the midterm review of the International Decade for People of African Descent.

Source - keepincalendar.com
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