25 June 2022

Day of the Seafarer - 25 June

Every year on June 25th, the Day of the Seafarer recognizes the valuable contribution seafarers make to international trade and the world economy.

Seafarers regularly travel by sea and are commonly called sailors. Many seafarers work in the shipping industry and are responsible for about 90 percent of world trade. They transport food, fuel, raw materials, and manufactured goods by sea.

Other dangers seafarers face include traveling through war zones, pirates, and exposure to certain health conditions. Some countries force seafarers to go without basic rights, such as proper insurance and compensation for medical treatment.

In 2010, the Conference of Parties to the International Convention on Standards of Training, Certification and Watchkeeping for Seafarers (STCW) adopted a resolution establishing the Day of the Seafarer. Manila, the capital city of the Philippines, hosted the conference. They observed the first official Day of the Seafarer on June 25th, 2011. The UN also recognizes the observance, and it is administered by the IMO.

For 2022, the campaign of the Day of the Seafarers, with the theme 'Your voyage - then and now, share your journey’, look at seafarer voyages, what it includes and how has it evolved over time and what remains at the heart of seafarers’ reality.

Source: www.imo.org

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World's largest freshwater fish found in Mekong, scientists say.

A 300kg (661lb) stingray caught in the Mekong river in Cambodia is the biggest freshwater fish ever documented, scientists say.

It unseated the previous record-holder, a 646lb (293kg) Mekong giant catfish caught in Thailand in 2005.

There is no official record-keeping or database of the world's biggest freshwater fish.

The Mekong is rich in biodiversity but overfishing, dams and pollution threaten its fragile ecosystem.

It flows from the Tibetan Plateau through China, Myanmar, Thailand, Laos, Cambodia and Vietnam.

Source: www.bbc.com

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Victoria State bans display of Nazi symbol in Australian first.

Victoria has become Australia's first state to specifically ban the display of the Nazi swastika.

Under a new law, people who intentionally exhibit the symbol face up to a year in jail or a A$22,000 (£12,300; $15,000) fine.

Victorian Premier Dan Andrews said "nobody has the right to spread racism, hate or anti-Semitism".

Like many places globally, Australia has seen a sharp rise in anti-Semitic incidents in recent times.

Victoria already has anti-hate speech laws - but they have been criticised for having "gaps".

A push for reform intensified in 2020 when a couple raised a swastika flag above their home, angering the local community.

Source: www.bbc.com

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24 June 2022

Sri Lanka Ranks 59th in Coursera’s Global Skills Report 2022.

As per the ‘Global Skills Report 2022’ released by Coursera, Sri Lanka has been ranked 59th overall globally. 

In 2022 report, they present data from the more than 100 million people who have used Coursera to learn new skills.2 We concentrate on three of the most important skill areas: business, technology, and data science.

The report reveals that, overall, Sri Lanka ranks 59th globally, with  rankings in each categories such as 33% in business, 56% in technology and 36% in data science. 

For the second year in a row, Switzerland had the highest-skilled learners followed by Denmark, Indonesia, and Belgium.

Source: www.coursera.org

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Droupadi Murmu is the BJP nominee for Indian president.

India's governing Bharatiya Janata Party (BJP) has named Droupadi Murmu, a tribal politician, as its candidate for the forthcoming presidential elections.

The 64-year-old former teacher, who comes from Odisha (Orissa) state, has spent decades with the BJP and had a stint as a state governor.

If elected, she would be the country's first tribal leader in the top post.

The president in India is the head of the state, but does not exercise executive powers.

He or she is elected by the members of both the houses of parliament and of the legislative assemblies of states and federally-administered union territories.

Analysts say the BJP has enough numbers to ensure its nominee's success.

Prime Minister Narendra Modi has said he is "confident" that she will make a "great president".

Source: www.bbc.com

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The 'lungs of humanity' which are under threat.

A giant slab of carbon-rich peat, discovered in central Africa, is under threat from uncontrolled development - posing a significant risk for future climate change, writes BBC Africa correspondent Andrew Harding.

After 10 hours by car, another 10 by river in a dugout canoe, three hours hacking a path with machetes through thick tropical undergrowth, then another two wading and clambering through a sweltering forest swamp, the scientists were finally ready to begin work.

Brushing away mud and mosquitos, they assembled a long, metal, corkscrew-like device, and thrust it deep into a patch of dark, water-logged earth.

Source: www.bbc.com

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Five planets align perfectly, visible until end of June.

Mercury, Venus, Mars, Jupiter and Saturn have lined up in a rare alignment that won't occur again until 2040, according to AccuWeather.

While it is common to view a couple of planets together at any given time, the alignment of five planets simultaneously is a rare phenomenon which last occurred in 1864 and won't occur again for almost 20 years.

The alignment is best viewed in the early morning around an hour before sunrise and will remain as is until the end of June.

Source: www.jpost.com

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23 June 2022

The Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise “Ex Khaan Quest -2022”.

The Multinational Peacekeeping Exercise “Ex Khaan Quest -2022” culminated on 20th June at the Peace Support Operations Training Centre in Ulaanbaatar at Mongolia.


The exercise conducted from 06 June to 20 June 2022 provided a platform for mutual learning and sharing best practices amongst the armies from 16 Nations.


A number of training activities were organised during the course of the exercise, which included mock tactical operations as per United Nations (UN) mandate, combat discussions, training of staff & command appointments; as part of a combined UN brigade, in order to enhance multinational interoperability.


The bonhomie, espirit-de-corps and goodwill generated during the exercise will go a long way in future strengthening of bonds between the Armies of participating Nations.
Source: https://en.wikipedia.org

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According to the ILO, only six per cent of domestic workers have comprehensive social protection.

Only six per cent of domestic workers worldwide have access to comprehensive social protection, according to a new report from the International Labour Organization (ILO).

This leaves more than 94 per cent lacking access to the full range of protections, covering medical care, sickness, unemployment, old age, employment injury, family, maternity, invalidity and survivors’ benefits.

According to the report, Making the right to social security a reality for domestic workers: A global review of policy trends, statistics and extension strategies , about half of all domestic workers have no coverage at all, with the remaining half legally covered by at least one benefit.

The extension of effective coverage has lagged significantly behind that of legal coverage. Only one-in-five domestic workers are actually covered in practice because the vast majority are employed informally.

As 76.2 per cent of domestic workers (57.7 million people) are women, such social protection gaps leave women particularly vulnerable.

Source: www.ilo.org

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Mongolia’s Khuvsgul lake added to UNESCO World Network of Biosphere Reserves.

Khuvsul Lake National Park of Mangolia has been added to the World Network of Biosphere Reserve of UNESCO. The decision was made during the 34th session of the International Co-ordinating Council of the Man and the Biosphere Programme taking place in Paris, France. Khuvsgul Lake is located in the northern Mongolian province of Khuvsgul near the Russian border, holding nearly 70 per cent of Mongolia’s fresh water, or 0.4 per cent of the world’s total.

About Khuvsgul Lake:

The Khuvsgul Lake is located in northern Mongolian province of Khuvsgul, near to Russian border. It holds 70 per cent of freshwater of Mongolia or accounts for 0.4 per cent of world’s total. The lake is 1,645 meters above sea level, 136 km long and 262 meters deep. A total of nine sites from Mongolia have so far been registered in the network, according to the ministry. It is the largest fresh water lake of Mongolia, by volume. In terms of area, it is the second largest lake in Mongolia. The lake is located at about 200 km west of Lake Baikal. It is nicknamed as “Younger sister” of two “sister lakes”. It freezes over completely in winter.

World Network of Biosphere Reserves:

The World Network of Biosphere Reserves by UNESCO covers internationally designated protected areas called as biosphere reserves. There reserves are meant to demonstrate a balanced relationship between nature and people. They are created under Man and the Biosphere Programme. It comprises of dynamic and interactive network of sites. It works to foster harmonious integration of people and nature to attain sustainable development by means of participatory dialogue, poverty reduction, knowledge sharing, human well-being improvements, and respect for cultural values.

Source: https://english.news.cn

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Sri Lanka revises Minimum Age for Migrant Domestic Workers.

Sri Lanka has decided to amend the Minimum Age for Migrant Domestic Workers to 21 years.

A document from the Department of Government Information said that the Cabinet of Ministers granted permission to revise the said age limit, after considering the recommendations of the Cabinet-appointed Sub-Committee.

The statement added that Sri Lankan women going overseas for employment as Domestic Aides have age limitations.

“For Saudi Arabia the minimum age is 25 years, and for other Middle Eastern Countries is 23 years, and for all other countries is it 21 years,” said the statement.

Accordingly, these limitations will be revised to 21 years.

In January 2011, the Cabinet of the Sri Lankan government approved a proposal to raise the minimum legal age of employment for migrant domestic workers from Sri Lanka, making it 21 rather than 18.

The standard was suggested by the then-Minister of Foreign Employment Promotion and Welfare, Dilan Perera, to deal with the problem of young migrant workers being abused and exploited abroad.

In many of the countries to which Sri Lankans migrate to take domestic service jobs there is no minimum legal age limit for employment of female workers; young women are considered especially likely to be abused by their employers.

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International Women in Engineering Day - 23 June.

On June 23rd each year, International Women in Engineering Day highlights a profession that keeps on building. And when it comes to engineering, the profession fills roles across many sectors.

Numerous fields require engineering specialties. Careers abound in architectural, aerospace, marine, electrical, and computer engineering. However, many more areas enlist engineering expertise. And the demand is growing every year, too. Despite that, women only fill a fraction of these positions. According to the U.S. Bureau of Labor and Statistics, just under 13% of the engineers in the U.S. are women. Australia’s numbers are similar, too. However, in the UK the number dips to 9%.

Campaigns around the globe spotlight the need for more women in the engineering workforce. Not only does it encourage women to enter engineering fields, but it spotlights the need for a diverse workforce. The day also celebrates the women engineers in the workforce. As role models, they are distinctly qualified to encourage more women to join the field.

In 2014, the Women’s Engineering Society launched National Women in Engineering Day in the United Kingdom. Over the years, the observance grew to a global event and in 2017, the day became international.

Source: www.inwed.org.

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United Nations Public Service Day - 23 June.

Every year on June 23rd, the United Nations Public Service Day celebrates the value and virtue of public service to the community. Also, on this day, the prestigious UN Public Service Awards are given.

Public service is defined as a service intended for all members of the community. There are many areas of public service.

  • The public sector
  • Public safety
  • Education
  • Government and diplomacy
  • Nonprofit administration

People choose to work or engage in public service for a variety of reasons. Some do it because they want to further the good of the public. For example, a lawyer might provide low-cost or free services for the public good. Other people work in public service to gain valuable work experience or for mentoring and networking opportunities.

The United Nations has long recognized the roles public service workers perform in their communities. For this reason, they established the UN Public Service Awards. The awards promote and reward innovation and excellence in public services.

The winners of these awards are divided into five regional groups. These groups include Africa, Asia-Pacific, Eastern Europe, Latin American and the Caribbean, and Western Asia. More than 250 initiatives have received the prestigious award. These projects have ranged from promoting gender equality to improving health services.

In 2003, the UN General Assembly designated June 23rd as United Nations Public Service Day. Also in 2003, the UN launched the UN Public Service Awards. The UN chose the date of June 23rd to mark the anniversary of the Convention on Labor Relations. The International Labor Organization had adopted this Convention in 1978.

Theme 2022: "Building back better from COVID-19. Enhancing innovative partnerships to meet the Sustainable Development Goal".

Taking its lead from the 2022 theme of the United Nations High-level Political Forum (HLPF), the main body for reviewing implementation of the 2030 Sustainable Development Agenda, the 2022 UN Public Service Day commemoration, celebrated this year on 22 June, will focus on the role of public institutions and public servants in building back better from COVID-19 as they work to meet the 2030 deadline for implementing the Sustainable Development Goals.

Source: www.un.org

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International Olympic Day - 23 June.

The International Olympic Day marks the inception of the modern Olympic Games in Greece on June 23, 1894.

Since 1948, the Olympic Day has been celebrated every year on June 23. The day marks the inception of the modern Olympic Games in Greece on June 23, 1894. The International Olympic Committee (IOC) was officially formed on the same day.

This year, the theme for the International Olympic Day is “Together For A Peaceful World.” The theme represents the ability of sports to bring the world together and dimmish the differences.

At the 41st session of the International Olympic Committee in Stockholm, a member of the IOC named Doctor Gruss, submitted a report suggesting the celebration of Olympic Day. The idea propagating the event was to increase awareness and participation in the international games.

Submitted in 1947, the report was discussed and the suggestions were finally implemented in 1948 at the 42nd IOC session in St Moritz. The day was decided as June 23 to commemorate the founding of the International Olympic Committee at Sorbonne, Paris in 1894.

Under the leadership of Sigfrid Edstrom, who was the president of the IOC at that time, the first International Olympic Day was celebrated on June 23, 1948.

Source: https://olympics.com

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International Widows’ Day - 23 June.

Every year on June 23rd, International Widows’ Day gives special recognition to the situation of widows of all ages across the globe.

The situation for widows is especially dire in developing countries. Some of the problems widows face in these countries include poverty, violence, social stigmatization, and health issues. According to recent statistics, there are about 258 million widows in the world. Nearly one in 10 widows live in extreme poverty. This is because many widows don’t have access to credit or other economic resources, including work.

Widows in developing countries also face high instances of violence. This violence is especially prevalent in Africa and Asia. In these countries, widows are often victims of physical and mental violence. Widows are also forced to engage in life-threatening practices that are part of their husband’s burial rites. 

The Loomba Foundation established International Widows Day in 2005. They chose the date June 23rd, as it was the date that the mother of the foundation’s founder, Lord Loomba, became a widow. In December 2010, the UN General Assembly formally adopted June 23rd as International Widows’ Day. The first official UN International Widows Day was held on June 23rd, 2011.

Theme 2022: "Invisible Women, Invisible Problems". The theme tends to highlight the fact that for many societies a woman’s identity is attached to her partner and after his death, the problems faced by her are ignored by policymakers who don’t give any special attention to the widowed woman.

Source: www.un.org


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22 June 2022

Ruth Ozeki wins U.K. Women's Prize for Fiction.

Ruth Ozeki has won the 2022 Women’s Prize for Fiction for her novel "The Book of Form and Emptiness" (Penguin), about a thirteen-year-old boy who, after the tragic death of his father, starts to hear the voices of objects speaking to him.

The prize, now in its 27th year, is given for "outstanding, ambitious, original fiction written in English by women from anywhere in the world." It was announced at an awards ceremony in Bedford Square Gardens, central London, on June 15, hosted by novelist, playwright and Women’s Prize Founder Director Kate Mosse.

Ozeki received a £30,000 ($36,500) prize, endowed by an anonymous donor, and the "Bessie," a limited-edition bronze figurine by Grizel Niven.

Source: www.theguardian.com

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Japan to attend NATO summit for first time.

Japanese Prime Minister Fumio Kishida has said he will attend this month’s NATO summit in Madrid, becoming the country’s first leader to join a top meeting of the transatlantic group.

The announcement comes ahead of a June 28-30 gathering of the military alliance that is seen as a crunch moment for its 30 members, four months into Russia’s invasion of Ukraine.

Sweden and Finland, which have applied to join NATO, are sending delegations to the summit, and South Korea’s new President Yoon Suk-yeol will also be the first leader from his country to attend.

Japan, a key United States ally and not a NATO member, has delivered defensive supplies to Ukraine and imposed tough sanctions on Russia in tandem with the other Group of Seven (G7) countries.

Source: www.aljazeera.com

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Red Bull’s Max Verstappen wins Canadian Grand Prix - 2022.

Red Bull’s Max Verstappen narrowly claimed his sixth victory of the Formula 1 season after withstanding pressure from Ferrari’s Carlos Sainz in the closing stages of the Canadian Grand Prix. For the second time this season, Verstappen’s teammate Sergio Perez was forced to retire from the race due to engine problems, while Mercedes’ Lewis Hamilton grabbed his second podium this campaign in third.

Hamilton’s teammate George Russell kept up his own personal streak of finishing in the top five of every race so far this season by claiming P4, while Charles Leclerc put together a strong performance to come home in P5 despite starting from the back of the grid.

Source: www.bbc.com

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China launches third Aircraft Carrier.

China launched its third aircraft carrier on Friday, as the United States wrapped up its Valiant Shield 2022 exercise.

On Friday morning, China launched its third aircraft carrier, named Fujian (18), carrying hull number 18, at Jiangnan Shipyard of China Shipbuilding Industry Corporation in Shanghai, reported the People’s Liberation Army’s official media channel, China Military Online.

The 80,000-ton carrier is China’s first flat deck carrier and uses Electromagnetic Aircraft Launch System (EMALS)-powered catapults to launch its aircraft, in contrast to the ski jump of its other two carriers. The EMALS system can launch heavier aircraft, such as the J-35 fighter and airborne early warning aircraft, to operate off its flight deck.

Fujian is named after the closest Chinese province to Taiwan, which lies east of the province and is separated by the Taiwan Strait. China has been steadily building its carrier capabilities, with carrier CNS Liaoning (16) conducting an extensive training period in May that lasted more than two weeks in the Pacific Ocean. Fujian, once fully operational, with its greater capacity and capabilities, will further enhance the People’s Liberation Army Navy’s (PLAN) power capabilities and allow the PLAN to field a total of three carrier strike groups, matching the normal two to three U.S. CSG presence in the Asia Pacific. The PLAN is expected to build additional carriers for service as well.

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Former guerrilla Gustavo Petro wins Colombian election.

Colombia has elected a former guerrilla fighter Gustavo Petro as president, making him the South American country’s first leftist head of state.

Petro beat Rodolfo Hernández, a gaffe-prone former mayor of Bucaramanga and business mogul, with 50.47% of the vote in a runoff election on Sunday 19 June and will take office in July amid a host of challenges, not least of which is the deepening discontent over inequality and rising costs of living. Hernández had 47.27%, with almost all ballots counted, according to results released by election authorities.

Petro’s election marks a tidal shift for Colombia, a country that has never before had a leftist president, and follows similar victories for the left in Peru, Chile and Honduras.

Source: www.theguardian.com

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World Music Day - 21 June.

World Music Day is celebrated every year on June 21. The day gives respect to the art form of music that binds people across culture, region, language and religion. Music also gives a channel to various emotions like love, grief, loss, and is cathartic in nature. On this day, free concerts are organised for everyone to attend. It is a massive cultural exchange and also brings society closer.

Music artists around the globe organise concerts on World Music Day. The celebrations are no more restricted to European nations. In fact, the day is marked by 120 countries, including India, Italy, Greece, Russia, Australia, Peru, Brazil, Ecuador, Mexico, Canada, the United States, the UK, Japan, China and Malaysia. Fests, parades, fairs, feasts and dance parties are often the part and parcel of World Music Day.

Music Day was first celebrated in the year 1982 on the Summer Solstice in France, when the former French minister of art and culture, Jack Lange, along with Maurice Fleuret started the Fête de la Musique in Paris. That is also why World Music Day is alternatively known as Fête de la Musique as well.

The theme for World Music Day 2022 is “Music on the intersections”. 

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World Rainforest Day - 22 June

June 22 is World Rainforest Day. The day has been set aside to help protect rainforests by raising awareness and encouraging action to protect them.

Organizers of this annual day say 20% of the oxygen we breathe and the freshwater we drink is attributed to rainforests of the Amazon. They absorb carbon dioxide, stabilize climate patterns, and are home to half the world’s plant and animal species. The concern of organizers is that an area the size of 40 football fields is lost every minute of every day.

The first World Rainforest Day was June 22nd, 2017. It was created by a collaboration of groups called the Rainforest Partnership. It is an international non-profit organization based in Austin, Texas and is dedicated to protecting and regenerating tropical rainforests through community-based projects in the Amazon.

This year’s theme is ‘The Time is Now’ and it aims to sensitise people on how crucial rainforests are for survival of life on Earth. 

Source: https://earth.org

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World Hydrography Day - 21 June.

On June 21st, World Hydrography Day highlights the importance of surveying and charting bodies of water. This day also designed to raise awareness about hydrography and how it plays a role in improved knowledge of the seas and oceans.

Every year the International Hydrographic Organization (IHO) hosts a variety of activities that focus on the annual theme. 

It’s a known fact that 71 percent of the earth is covered with water. While most of the earth’s water is found in the oceans, it is also found in lakes, rivers, swamps, glaciers, and aquifers. It even exists in the air in the form of water vapor. Water is important for a number of reasons. Without water, humans and animals could not survive. We also use water for irrigating crops, keeping things clean, and providing recreational opportunities.

Water also plays a key role in transportation. To navigate the earth’s waterways, scientists find out specific information. This information allows ships and other vessels to navigate the waters safely and efficiently. This falls under the science of hydrography. The information these scientists look for include:

  • Water depth
  • Shape of the seafloor and coastline
  • Location of possible obstructions
  • Physical features of water bodies

Scientists use all this information to update nautical charts. These charts cover 95,000 miles of shoreline. Additionally, the charts cover 3.6 million square nautical miles of waters in the U.S. alone. Besides transportation and navigation, hydrography also helps in other areas. These areas include seafloor construction, anchoring, understanding fish habitats, and laying pipelines and cables.

The IHO created World Hydrography Day in 2005. That same year, the United Nations General Assembly adopted a resolution that recognized the establishment of this day. The date of June 21st coincides with the anniversary of the founding of the IHO in 1921 under the name International Hydrographic Bureau. The name changed to the IHO in 1970.

The theme this year 2022 is "Hydrography - contributing to the United Nations Ocean Decade".

Source: https://iho.int




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World Giraffe Day - 21 June.

World Giraffe Day is an annual event initiated by Giraffe Conservation Federation to celebrate the longest-necked animal on the longest day of the year.

World Giraffe Day is an exciting annual event initiated by Giraffe Conservation Federation (GCF) to celebrate the tallest animal on the longest day or night (depending on which hemisphere you live!) of the year 21 June every year.

Not only is it a worldwide celebration of these amazing and much-loved animals, but an annual event to raise support, create awareness and shed light on the challenges giraffe face in the wild. By supporting World Giraffe Day (WGD), you directly help save giraffe in Africa. With only approximately 117,000 giraffe remaining in the wild, the time is right to act NOW!

Zoos, schools, NGOs, governments, institutions, companies and conservation organisations around the world are hosting events on or around WGD to raise awareness and support for giraffe in the wild. Check out who else is celebrating.

The first World Giraffe Day was organized by the Giraffe Conservation Federation in 2014.

World Giraffe Day 2022 is dedicated to bringing giraffe back to Mozambique.

Source: https://giraffeconservation.org

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International Day of Yoga - 21 June.

Every year on June 21st, the International Day of Yoga raises awareness about the benefits of this mind and body practice. It’s also a day to encourage people around the world to engage in Yoga.

The word yoga means to unite or to join. This symbolizes the union of body and consciousness, and the philosophy originated in India about 5,000 years ago. One of the original goals of yoga was spiritual growth. Another goal was mastery over the physical and mental body. Today, two billion people around the world do yoga, some a form of exercise, and others to relieve stress. They have discovered all of yoga’s health benefits and that attributes to its growing popularity.

Some of these health benefits include:

  • Improves flexibility
  • Builds muscle strength
  • Prevents cartilage and joint breakdown
  • Increases blood flow
  • Lowers blood pressure
  • Regulates adrenal glands
  • Improves balance
  • Prevents some digestive problems
  • Eases pain

In 2014, Prime Minister Narendra Modi of India proposed the draft resolution for International Day of Yoga. Recognizing the universal appeal of Yoga, 175 member states endorsed the resolution. On December 11, 2014, the UN proclaimed June 21st as International Day of Yoga. June 21st was chosen as it is the longest day of the year in the Northern Hemisphere. This date also holds special significance in countries across the globe.

2022 Theme: "Yoga for humanity"

Source: www.un.org


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Leaders of US, Israel, UAE and India scheduled to attend I2U2 virtual summit.

The White House said on Tuesday 14th June that US President Joe Biden, Indian Prime Minister Narendra Modi,Israeli Prime Minister Neftali Bennett and UAE President Mohammed bin Zayed Al Nahyan would attend a first-of-its-kind virtual summit called I2U2 next month for discussions of the food security crisis and other areas of cooperation,

The virtual summit of the four countries, termed I2U2, would take place during Biden’s trip to the Middle East region from July 13 to 16, a senior administration official told reporters during a conference call.

President Biden looks forward to this unique engagement with Prime Minister Bennett of Israel, Prime Minister Modi of India and President Mohammed bin Zayed of the UAE, the official said.

Biden will visit the Middle East region from July 13 to July 16 with stops in Israel, the West Bank and Saudi Arabia, and engagements with nearly a dozen counterparts from across the region and beyond..

Source: www.outlookindia.com

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21 June 2022

Eighth IPU Global Conference of Young Parliamentarians.

On 15 and 16 June, some 200 young parliamentarians from 60 countries convened in Sharm-el-Sheikh, Egypt for the Eight IPU Global Conference of Young Parliamentarians.

The conference was jointly organized by the IPU and the Parliament of Egypt. This year’s theme is Young MPs for Climate Action in the lead-up to COP27 also taking place in Sharm-el-Sheikh later this year.

About the Conference:

The 8th Global Conference of Young Parliamentarians provides a platform for young MPs from across the world to exchange learn and define common and innovative strategies to advance youth empowerment.

This year in Egypt, around 200 young MPs, from 60 countries are participating to discuss strategies to mitigate the impact of climate change and ensure that global warming does not exceed 1.5 degrees Celsius in line with the Paris Agreement.

According to official information shared by IPU, there are 35,177 Parliamentary seats globally but just 2.66 per cent of these are held by young MPs.

Source: www.ipu.org

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Astronomers have detected a 'Missing Link' Shockwave in Merging Galaxies.

The colossal shock wave generated by the first stages of a collision between some of the most massive structures in the Universe has just been seen and imaged for the first time.

The detection was found in the galaxy cluster Abell 98, which is a large structure made up of three smaller sub-clusters of galaxies located more than 1.2 billion light-years from the Solar System.

There, a huge filament of gas contains the enormous shock along the merger axis that has been theoretically predicted to be the first 'contact' between two sub-clusters of galaxies as they start to merge.

Source: www.sciencealert.com

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20 June 2022

President Hassan Sheikh appoints Hamza Abdi Barre as Prime Minister of Somalia.

President Hassan Sheikh Mohamud has appointed Hamza Abdi Barre as the Prime Minister of the Federal Government of Somalia.

The President wishes the new Prime Minister utmost success as he leads the government’s ambitious reform agenda and calls on Somali people to render him their unwavering support.

Incumbent Prime Minister Hassan Ali Khaire congratulated the new Prime Minister Hamse Abdi Barre on his appointment and wishes him the best of luck in his future endeavors.

Source: www.fanabc.com

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China says it may have detected signals from Alien Civilizations.

China said its giant Sky Eye telescope may have picked up signs of alien civilizations, according to a report by the state-backed Science and Technology Daily, which then appeared to have deleted the report and posts about the discovery.

The narrow-band electromagnetic signals detected by Sky Eye -- the world’s largest radio telescope -- differ from previous ones captured and the team is further investigating them, the report said, citing Zhang Tonjie, chief scientist of an extraterrestrial civilization search team co-founded by Beijing Normal University, the National Astronomical Observatory of the Chinese Academy of Sciences and the University of California, Berkeley. 

Source: www.bloomberg.com

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A NASA rover just found trash on Mars.

There's trash in the deepest ocean depths, at some 35,700 feet beneath the surface. There's also trash on Mars.

While looking for hints of past microbial Martian life, NASA's Perseverance rover recently spotted landing debris caught in a jagged rock. 

It's thermal material the space agency used to protect the Perseverance spacecraft from extreme temperatures as it journeyed to Mars and plummeted through the Martian atmosphere.

Source: https://mashable.com

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US military ground raid in Syria captures top ISIS leader.

A rare U.S. military ground raid in northwestern Syria has captured a top ISIS leader, according to the U.S.-led anti-ISIS coalition.

A U.S. defense official said there were no injuries to U.S. military personnel and no damage to aircraft involved in the raid.

A U.S. official told ABC News the name of the ISIS leader captured in the raid is Hani Ahmed al-Kurdi and described him as actively planning ISIS operations.

Source: https://abcnews.go.com

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World Refugee Day - 20.

World Refugee Day is an international day designated by the United Nations to honour refugees around the globe. It falls each year on June 20 and celebrates the strength and courage of people who have been forced to flee their home country to escape conflict or persecution. World Refugee Day is an occasion to build empathy and understanding for their plight and to recognize their resilience in rebuilding their lives.

The United Nations defines a refuge someone who fled his or her home and country owing to “a well-founded fear of persecution because of his/her race, religion, nationality, membership in a particular social group, or political opinion.”

It’s estimated by the World Economic Forum that one in every 113 people on the planet is now a refugee. Around the world, someone is displaced every three seconds, forced from their homes by violence, war, and persecution.

On December 4, 2000, the United Nations decided that June 20, 2001, would be celebrated as the first annual World Refugee Day.

While the theme of World Refugee Day 2022 has not been rolled out, last year it was “Together we heal, learn and shine.” The 2021 theme highlighted the basic needs of displaced people, such as healthcare, nutrition and education.

Source: www.unhcr.org               

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World Productivity Day - 20 June.

Every year on June 20th, World Productivity Day recognizes the importance of being productive. It’s also a day for people to learn how to increase their productivity.

Productivity is defined as the efficiency of production of goods or services. The quality of producing something is also another definition for productivity. Many farmers associate productivity with the productivity of their land. Others associate productivity with the use of their minds or hands. Most employers want their workers to be productive. In order to succeed, self-employed people need to find ways to be as productive as possible.

In the workplace, or wherever else, there are often barriers to productivity. These barriers might include:

  • Distractions and interruptions
  • Lack of information
  • Ineffective communication
  • Unclear priorities
  • Insufficient training
  • Inadequate tools and equipment
  • Lack of motivation
  • Stress
  • Too much to do

Whether it’s at home or work, there are ways to overcome these barriers. To be as productive as possible, it’s important to keep up with good habits. These habits include doing most important tasks first and breaking tasks into smaller pieces. Taking short breaks every 55 minutes and spending less time on e-mail is also helpful.

World Productivity Day is one of the few popular celebration days, and World Productivity Day is not centered primarily on festivities. Instead it is an opportunity for suppliers of productivity tools, to celebrate training and their contributions and to move forward to provide something to our users. On June 20, a day has been set for the celebration of World Productivity Day. It is based on worldwide recognition, but the founders of World Productivity Day are still unknown. There are two main reasons for celebrating World Productivity Day. The first is for organizations and people who feel that they are not doing enough or some unproductive performance to perform better so that they can improve their productivity level better and better.

Source: https://fastread.in



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International Surfing Day - 20 June.

International Surfing Day is held annually on June 20th.  This day celebrates surfing and it’s lifestyle.  With events scheduled on International Surfing Day in more than 30 countries, this certainly shows the impact of the sport.

Surfing refers to the ability of riding a wave,  no matter if the surfer is using a board or not.  It also does not matter what the stance is, as long as the person is “riding a wave”.  In modern times, most surfers are found standing on a surfboard as they navigate a wave.

Surfing was a significant part of the Polynesian culture for centuries. Europeans observed people surfing in Tahiti in 1767 and again in 1769.  In the journals of Captain James Hook, 1779, by Lieutenant James King, the art of surfing on Hawaii is mentioned.  Mark Twain even made mention of it when writing about a trip to Hawaii in 1866.

This global event includes barbecues, film screenings, surf contests and other activities related to surfing.  Participants also work on projects to promote coastal protection including beach clean ups and habitat restoration.

International Surfing Day was started in 2004 by the Surfrider organization.

Source: www.surfrider.org

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19 June 2022

International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflicts - 19 June.

Every year on June 19th, the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict raises awareness for conflict-related sexual violence. The day also honors the victims and survivors of sexual violence around the world.

The United Nations defines conflict-related sexual violence as any of the following acts:

  • Rape
  • Sexual slavery
  • Forced prostitution
  • Forced pregnancy
  • Trafficking
  • Forced abortion
  • Forced marriage
  • Enforced sterilization

Women and girls are not the only victims of conflict-related sexual violence. Men and boys are also subject to it as well. Unfortunately, many survivors of this type of sexual violence do not come forward. This is primarily due to fear and cultural stigmas. When the survivors do not come forward, justice does not get served. It also allows the perpetrators to repeat their violent acts.

The exact number of victims of conflict-related sexual violence is unknown. This is because of the lack of victims coming forward. It’s also because it is very difficult to gather information. In the country of Mali, there were death threats made against humanitarian workers gathering data. There are 19 countries where the most conflict-related sexual violence occurs. These countries include Afghanistan, Central African Republic, Iraq, Nigeria, Somalia, South Sudan, and Liberia.

Each year the United Nations Secretary-General produces a report on conflict-related sexual violence. The report contains specific recommendations for countries where this type of violence is prevalent. These recommendations include fostering a survivor-centered and holistic concept of justice, strengthening preventive measures, and strengthening services for survivors.

On June 19th, 2015, the United Nations General Assembly proclaimed June 19th the International Day for the Elimination of Sexual Violence in Conflict. They chose June 19th to commemorate the adoption of the Security Council Resolution. The Resolution was adopted in 2008. The Council condemned sexual violence as a weapon of war and an obstruction to peace.

Source: https://media.un.org

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18 June 2022

Word Sustainable Gastronomy Day - 18 June.

Word Sustainable Gastronomy Day on June 18 recognizes the practices and principals associated with sustainable food consumption combined with the art of collecting, preparing, and consuming the food we eat. As part of the observance, the day acknowledges the social, cultural, and artistic expression related to gastronomy and defines three dimensions of sustainable development – people, planet, and profit.

The United Nations says several principals guide sustainable food production and consumption:

  • Improving efficiency in the use of agricultural resources.
  • Direct action to conserve, protect and enhance natural resources.
  • Responding to the changing needs of people, communities, and ecosystems is key to sustainable agriculture.

The UN General Assembly adopted on 21 December 2016 its resolution A/RES/71/246 and designated 18 June as an international observance, Sustainable Gastronomy Day.

The decision acknowledges gastronomy as a cultural expression related to the natural and cultural diversity of the world. 

The United Nations General Assembly proclaimed World Sustainable Gastronomy Day in December 2016 and first celebrated in 2017.

Source: www.un.org

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17 June 2022

England smash ODI total world record against the Netherlands.

England hit a world record one-day international score of 498-4 against the Netherlands in Amstelveen on Friday, with three men scoring centuries in the run blitz.

Eoin Morgan’s side beat their own mark of 481-6 set against Australia at Trent Bridge in 2018, in the first match of the three-game series.

Jos Buttler, who finished on 162 not out, plundered his ton off just 47 balls -- missing his own record for the fastest England century by just one ball -- while Phil Salt and Dawid Malan also made three figures.

Liam Livingstone, batting at number six, made the fastest 50 in England’s ODI history off just 17 balls -- the joint second-fastest of all-time.

Source: https://sports.ndtv.com

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UK interest rates raised to 1.25% by Bank of England.

UK interest rates have risen further as the Bank of England attempts to stem the pace of soaring prices.

Rates have increased from 1% to 1.25%, the fifth consecutive rise, pushing them to the highest level in 13 years.

It comes as finances are being squeezed by the rising cost of living, driven by record fuel and energy prices.

Inflation - the rate at which prices rise - is currently at a 40-year high of 9%, and the Bank warned it could surpass 11% later this year.

Source: www.bbc.com

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