Jawaharlal Nehru Death Anniversary - 27 May.

As India pays homage to the country’s first and longest serving Prime Minister, Pandit Jawaharlal Nehru, on his 57th death anniversary by remembering his ‘contribution to the nation’.

Nehru was born on November 14, 1889, in Uttar Pradesh’s Prayagraj and breathed his last on May 27, 1964 with as many as 1.5 million people attending his cremation ceremony from all across the country.

Following an active role in the freedom struggle of the country, he became the prime minister of India on August 15, 1947 and went on to win 11 nominations for the Nobel Peace Prize for upholding peace in the Indian subcontinent from 1950 to 1955. 

It was during the partition of India that the first attempt was made to assassinate him and then thrice again in 1955, 1956 and 1961. He was imprisoned 09 times during his fight for India's freedom.

He played a major role in making India a sovereign, socialist, secular and democratic republic and was also a very prolific writer in English who authored a number of books including The Discovery of India, Glimpses of World History and his autobiography Toward Freedom. 

Nehru established institutions of higher learning including IITs, AIIMS and IIMs, included free and compulsory primary education to all children in his five-year plan, established heavy industries, laid the stepping stone for the foundation of the National Defence Academy and the Atomic Energy Commission and initiated the non-aligned movement. 

Source: www.hindustantimes.com


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