International Day of Parliamentarism - 30 June.

Every year on June 30th, the International Day of Parliamentarism celebrates the fundamental principles of parliamentarism. The day also draws attention to how the parliamentary systems of government improve the lives of people around the world.

A parliamentary democracy is one in which citizens elect representatives to a legislative parliament. It’s this legislative parliament that makes the necessary laws and decisions for the country. The goal of a parliament is to represent the people directly. Parliaments work to make sure that policies benefit all people. This includes those who are the most vulnerable. Other advantages of a parliamentary system include accountability, adaptability, and equal distribution of power.

There are two categories of parliamentary systems – bicameral and unicameral. A bicameral parliamentary system consists of two chambers of parliament. A unicameral system has only one chamber.

In 2018, the United Nations General Assembly formed the International Day of Parliamentarism. They chose the date of June 30th to reflect the establishment of the IPU in 1889. The IPU is the global organization of parliaments. Today the IPU consist of 179 Member Parliaments. Their slogan is “For democracy. For everyone.” It is their vision to have a world where every voice counts.

Parliaments for the Planet

Climate action begins at home. Parliaments and those who work in them can take concrete steps to reduce their carbon footprint, both as institutions and individuals. By adopting greener policies and embracing a culture of sustainability, parliaments and parliamentarians can help address the climate crisis and pave the way for stronger climate action.

Climate change is killing people and destroying lives, development, peace and security all over the world. The IPU helps parliaments make progress on the Paris Agreement as well as other climate treaties, accelerate decarbonization and reduce the carbon footprint within parliaments themselves through its research, tools and meetings. As a first step, they can decarbonize their place of work by putting in place the IPU’s 10 actions for greener parliaments 

Source: www.un.org


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