13 June 2022

UNCTAD’s Annual World Investment Report 2022.

UNCTAD’s annual World Investment Report monitors global and regional foreign direct investment (FDI) trends and presents key national and international investment policy developments. 

Every issue of the report includes a special analysis of investment trends’ implications for economic growth and sustainable development, a ranking of the world’s largest transnational corporations, an in-depth examination of a selected topic related to FDI, as well as policy recommendations and a statistical annex with data on FDI flows and stocks at the country level.

Foreign direct investment (FDI) flows saw a huge increase in 2021, according to the UN Conference on Trade and Development (UNCTAD) World Investment Report 2022. Capital investment levels rose by 64% to reach $1.58trn in 2021. The substantial growth was primarily a recovery after Covid-19 decimated FDI levels in 2020. Investment levels in 2021 were back to similar levels reached in 2019, before the pandemic was declared.

The growth, however, was not spread evenly across the world. Investment flows into developed economies grew by 134% in 2021, while developing economies only grew by 34%. Still, it should be noted that developed economies were also significantly more (negatively) impacted in 2020 compared with developing economies. This shows that developed economies are much more sensitive to global shocks.

While the United States ($367 billion) remained the top recipient of FDI, China ($181 billion) and Hong Kong ($141 billion) also retained second and third position, respectively. 

Source: https://unctad.org

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