16 July 2021

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 (SOFI).

The State of Food Security and Nutrition in the World 2021 (SOFI 2021) report presents the first evidence-based global assessment of chronic food insecurity in the year the COVID-19 pandemic emerged and spread across the globe.

The SOFI 2021 report will also focus on complementary food system solutions that address the key drivers of food insecurity and malnutrition, i.e. conflict, climate variability and extremes, economic slowdowns and downturns, and COVID-19, and that ensure access to affordable healthy diets for all. It will look in-depth at six transformative pathways to achieve this, drawing upon best practices and lessons learned from around the world.  

The report was jointly produced by the UN Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO), the International Fund for Agricultural Development (IFAD), the UN Children’s Fund (UNICEF), the World Food Programme (WFP) and the World Health Organization (WHO).

According to SOFI 2021 report, between 720 and 811 million people in the world faced hunger in 2020, which is around 161 million more than in 2019. 

Key Facts & Findings:

  • Number of hungry people in 2020 in the World: between 720 and 811 million
  • Asia: 418 million (More than half of world hunger population)
  • Africa: 282 million (One-third)
  • Latin America and the Caribbean: 60 million
  • Nearly 2.37 billion people did not have access to adequate food in 2020, an increase of 320 million people over 2019.
  • Children under 5 affected by stunting (low height-for-age): 22.0 percent (149.2 million)
  • Children under 5 affected by wasting (low weight-for-height): 6.7 per cent (45.4 million)
  • Children under 5 who are overweight (high weight-for-height): 5.7 per cent (38.9 million)
  • Percentage of women of reproductive age affected by anemia: 29.9%
  • Percentage of infants aged below 6 months who were exclusively breastfed: 44%

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