Euro Day - 01 January.

Every year on January 1st, Euro Day celebrates the issuance of the monetary unit of the European Union. This monetary unit is called the euro.

The euro is one of the newer types of currency. The euro was born in 1999. However, the notes and coins didn’t begin to circulate until 2002. Currently, 334 million Europeans use the euro on a daily basis. Up until then, countries in Europe used the Dutch guilder.

The League of Nations first discussed the idea of a European currency in 1929. Due to WWI, they tabled the plan. Then in the late 1960s, the European Union and its predecessors began once again discussing a type of currency that every European country could use.

In 1979, the European Monetary System was created. The European Monetary System fixed the exchange rate into the European Currency Unit (ECU). In 1988, France, Italy, and the European Commission supported a fully monetary union with a central bank. However, British Prime Minister, Margaret Thatcher, opposed the proposal. Despite the lack of UK support, in 1992, the creation of a single currency for European countries move forward without UK participation. Finally, at midnight on January 1, 1999, the euro was introduced in a non-physical form. New notes and coins were introduced on January 1, 2002. Since then, European countries have celebrated Euro Day, annually.

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